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22 Oct 2009
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DescriptionContentsAuthors

Three key areas of current semantics and pragmatics are implicature, negation, and presupposition. This volume presents new experimental work in these three areas. The book contains thirteen chapters of new original research and three overview chapters that put current research in each of the three areas into context. The five contributions on implicatures present a new technique to investigate literal content, precise age profiles of implicature computation from an experiment with over 4000 participants, the interaction of stress and implicature, implicature computation in children, and activation of lexical alternatives by a scalar term. The four chapters on negation address the scope of negation in child language, the priming effects triggered from negated content words, the effect of downward entailing environments on implicatures, and the neurological effects of negation. The four contributions on presupposition take a look at the online effect of common ground and the presupposition of definite noun phrases using eye-tracking, at the projection of presuppositions, and ERP markers of presupposition.

This volume is of interest to linguists and psychologists interested in the growing field of experimental pragmatics. The book serves to keep researchers in the field abreast of current research and to provide an overview of the field to linguists and psychologists not actively involved yet.


Description

Three key areas of current semantics and pragmatics are implicature, negation, and presupposition. This volume presents new experimental work in these three areas. The book contains thirteen chapters of new original research and three overview chapters that put current research in each of the three areas into context. The five contributions on implicatures present a new technique to investigate literal content, precise age profiles of implicature computation from an experiment with over 4000 participants, the interaction of stress and implicature, implicature computation in children, and activation of lexical alternatives by a scalar term. The four chapters on negation address the scope of negation in child language, the priming effects triggered from negated content words, the effect of downward entailing environments on implicatures, and the neurological effects of negation. The four contributions on presupposition take a look at the online effect of common ground and the presupposition of definite noun phrases using eye-tracking, at the projection of presuppositions, and ERP markers of presupposition.

This volume is of interest to linguists and psychologists interested in the growing field of experimental pragmatics. The book serves to keep researchers in the field abreast of current research and to provide an overview of the field to linguists and psychologists not actively involved yet.


Contents

Preface and Acknowledgements
Notes on Contributors
PART I: IMPLICATURE
Implicatures; M.Krifka
Changes in Activation Levels with Scalar Implicatures; L.Bott
A Large-Scale Investigation of Scalar Implicature; P.Hendriks, J.Hoeks, H.De Hoop, I.Krämer, E-J.Smits, J.Spenader& H.De Swart
Evaluating Under-Informative Utterances with Context-Dependent and Context-Independent Scales: Experimental and Theoretical Implications; N.Katsos
Distinguishing the SAID from the IMPLICATED Using a Novel Experimental Paradigm; M.Larson, R.Doran, Y.Mcnabb, R.Baker, M.Berends, A.Djalali,& G.Ward
Experiments on QUD and Focus as a Contextual Constraint on Scalar Implicature Calculation; A.Zondervan
PART II: NEGATION
Meaning and Inference Linked to Negation: An Experimental Pragmatic Approach; I.A.Noveck
The DE-Blocking Hypothesis: The Role of Grammar in Scalar Reasoning; A.Bezuidenhout, R.Morris& C.Widmann
Experimental Pragmatics and Parsimony: The Case of Scopally Ambiguous Sentences Containing Negation; A.Gualmini
How are Pragmatic Differences Between Positive and Negative Sentences Captured in the Processes and Representations in Language Comprehension; B.Kaup
Brain Potentials For Logical-Semantics/-Pragmatics; J.E.Drury& K.Steinhauer
PART III: PRESUPPOSITION
Presupposition: From Theory to Experiment; U.Sauerland
The Real-Time Use of Information about Common Ground in Restricting Domains of Reference; D.Heller, D.Grodner& M.K.Tanenhaus
An Experimental Approach of Adverbial Modification; E.Chemla
Weak Definite Noun Phrases: Rich, But Not Strong, Special, But Not Unique; N.M.Klein, W.M.Gegg-Harrison, R.S.Sussman, G.N.Carlson& M.K.Tanenhaus
The Neuropragmatics of 'Simple' Utterance Comprehension an Erp Review; J.J.A.Van Berkum
Index

 


Authors

ULI SAUERLAND is a research group leader at the Center for General Linguistics in Berlin, Germany. He is interested broadly in semantics and pragmatics and its connections to other domains of linguistic inquiry. His numerous publications include the 2007 volume Presupposition and Implicature in Compositional Semantics also in this series.

KAZUKO YATSUSHIRO has most recently been a Marie-Curie Fellow at the Humboldt University in Berlin and a research scientist at Center for General Linguistics in Berlin, Germany. Her main interest is language acquisition of semantics and pragmatics. Her articles appeared in journals such as Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, Journal of East Asian Linguistics, and Natural Language Semantics.