Presentation of the paper

Articles should be in English, typed in double spacing (including all notes and references), with pages numbered.

Articles should not normally exceed 7,000 words in length. Shorter articles, including research notes and comments, are welcome.

Only main headings should be in bold uppercase and sub-headings should be in italic, bold, uppercase.
For instructions on book reviews, please refer to the 'Books for review' section below.


Keep textual notes to a minimum, indicate them with superscript numbers, and provide the note text as a list at the end of the article before the references. Please do not use footnotes.


The reference list should follow the notes at the end of the manuscript in Harvard (name and date) format. In the text, refer to the author name (without initials, unless there are two authors with the same name) and year of publication. Unpublished data and personal communications should include initials and year. Publications which have not yet appeared are given a probable year of publication.


Since Paterson (1983) has shown that ... This is in results attained later (Kramer, 1984: 16). Results have been reported (Robinson, 1989, personal communication) which suggest ...
Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be identified with a, b, c (e.g. 1974a, 1990b) closed up to the year. If there are two authors for a publication, put both names separated by 'and' (not &). If there are more than two authors, put the name of the first author followed by et al.

Review articles and book reviews should not list the books under review but should list any other publications referred to in the text. Refer to books under review by their title in italics and to the authors under review by surname. For all other works referred to in the text, refer to the authors surname and year of publication.


In Economy of Esteem Brennan and Pettit develop fully an argument first sketched out in Pettit (1990) and Brennan and Pettit (1991)...
References are placed in alphabetical order of authors. Examples of correct forms of references for alphabetical style:

Paper in journal

Higgott, R. (1998) 'The Asian economic crisis: a study in the politics of resentment', New Political Economy 3(3): 333-336.

Blinder, A.S. and Solow, R.M. (1970) 'Analytical foundations of fiscal policy',Journal of Finance XXV: 47-54.
Bender, J., Bloggs, B. and Swistak, P. (1997) 'The evolutionary stability in cooperation', American Political Science Review 91(3): 290-297.

Paper, Advance Online Publication

Howorth, J. (2010) ‘Sarkozy and the “American Mirage” or Why Gaullist Continuity will Overshadow Transcendence’, European Political Science advance online publication 5 May, doi:10.1057/eps.2010.3.


Giddens, A. (1990) The Consequences of Modernity, Cambridge: Polity.
Kay, J., Mayer, C. and Thompson, D. (1986) Privatization and Regulation, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Brown, C. (ed.) (1994) Political restructuring in Europe: Ethical Perspectives, London: Routledge.

Chapter in book

Hook, G.D. (1998) 'Japanese Business in Triadic Globalization', in H. Hasegawa and G.D. Hook (eds.) Japanese Business Management: Restructuring for Low Growth and Globalization, London: Routledge, pp. 19-38.

Conference paper

Harley, N.H. (1981) 'Radon risk models', in A.R. Knight and B Harrad (eds.) Indoor Air and Human Health, Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 29-31 October 1981; Knoxville, USA. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp. 69-78.


Zito, A. (1994) 'Epistemic communities in European policy-making' Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh.

Newspaper article

Barber, L. (1993) 'The towering bureaucracy', Financial Times, 21 June.


Food and Drug Administration (2003) Pharmaceutical cGMPs for the 21st Century - A Risk Based Approach, available at, accessed 8 November 2003.


When quoting directly, single quotation marks should be used. Any quotations over 5 lines in length should remove the quotation marks and be indented both left and right.

Other style notes

Spelling: use UK spelling and punctuation. Use ~ise/~isation/~ising throughout.
Use full points after abbreviations (e.g., i.e., etc.) but not after units of measurement or contractions (kg vols eds).


spell out numbers (whether ordinal or cardinal) below 100. Exceptions: a series of numbers appearing close together; numbers giving exact measurements or with abbreviated units of measurement such as 7 kg, 15.8 mm; in usual cases like 5.00 p.m. (but five o'clock); phrases involving hundreds, thousands, millions etc. where round numbers are given (e.g. two hundred, fifteen thousand); per cent (not percent); use % only in tables.


use the style, 31 January 1984; use 1930s, not thirties, 30s or '30s.