National histories from an important part of the collective memory of the peoples of Europe and national bonds have been, and continue to be, among the strongest bonds of loyalty. This new series is the main outcome of a five year research programmes funded by the European Science Foundation between 2003 and 2008 entitled 'Representations of the Past: The Writing of National Histories in 19th and 20th Century Europe'. The series will compare the role of social actors and institutions, as well as the importance of diverse narrative hierarchies in nationally constituted historiographies. It attempts to organize the comparison between historiographical and other representations of the past in order to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of diverse forms of representation within specific historical cultures. It promotes comparisons between different nationally-constituted historical cultures in order to take account of their various contests, interactions, exchanges, misunderstandings and conflicts.