The United States and Military Coups in Turkey and Pakistan

Between Conspiracy and Reality

Authors: Aslan, Ömer

  • Presents the first comparative analysis of the US role in coups in Pakistan and Turkey
  • Draws upon original interviews with former Pakistani and Turkish generals and diplomats
  • Fills a gap in scholarship on military-to-military relations between an external power and a country subject to a coup
  • Appeals to scholars of international relations, military history, Cold War history, diplomatic history, and political science
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Hardcover $109.00
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  • ISBN 978-3-319-66010-3
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About this book

This comparative study explores the involvement of the United States in four successful military coups in Turkey and Pakistan during the Cold War. Focusing on military-to-military relations with the US in each country, the book offers insight into how external actors can impact the outcomes of coups, particularly through socialization via military training, education, and international organizations such as NATO. Drawing upon recently declassified government documents and a trove of unexplored interviews with high-ranking officials, Ömer Aslan also examines how coup plotters in both countries approached the issue of US reaction before, during, and after their coups. As armed forces have continued to make and unmake Turkish and Pakistani governments well into the twenty-first century, this volume offers original, probing analysis of the circumstances which make coups possible.

About the authors

Ömer Aslan is Assistant Professor at the Turkish National Police Academy, Turkey.

Reviews

“In this book, Ömer Aslan sheds new light on the crucial role that external actors can play in fostering military coups. While acknowledging the central role of domestic factors, Aslan offers new theoretical insights and a wealth of original empirical evidence to show how the United State provided supportive signals and crucial material assistance in ways that bolstered military actors before, during and after they seized power in Turkey and Pakistan.” (Oisín Tansey, Senior Lecturer in International Relations, King’s College London, UK)

“This is an analytically probing study of the American role in military interventions in Turkey and Pakistan since the late fifties. Balanced in its assessments of the internal and external factors that led to military takeovers in the two countries, the book makes a persuasive case for keeping a clear distinction between conspiratorial assessments of external factors and the relative autonomy of coup makers in determining the timing, method and duration of their seizure of state power. Nuanced and accessible, this is a welcome addition to the comparative literature on the difficult transition from military authoritarianism to democratic consolidation.” (Ayesha Jalal, Mary Richardson Professor of History, Tufts University, USA)

“Ömer Aslan makes a convincing case that although the U.S. did not instigate past military coups d’état in Turkey and Pakistan, its half-hearted messaging beforehand and lack of unequivocal opposition afterwards had a big impact on how plotters calculated their chances. Through strong theoretical grounding and impressively careful combing of available sources, he provides a nuanced account of great value to anyone working in this field.” (Yezid Sayigh, Senior Fellow, Carnegie Middle East Center, Lebanon)

Table of contents (5 chapters)

  • Introduction: Military Coup D’état as a Two-Level Game

    Aslan, Ömer

    Pages 1-37

  • External Support and Military Coups D’état During the Cold War

    Aslan, Ömer

    Pages 39-106

  • Two Military Coups in Turkey and One Unwavering Supporter

    Aslan, Ömer

    Pages 107-199

  • Pakistan: Two Coups, a Single Backer for the ‘Most Allied-Ally’?

    Aslan, Ömer

    Pages 201-264

  • Conclusion:The United States and Militaries in Turkey and Pakistan After the Cold War

    Aslan, Ömer

    Pages 265-289

Buy this book

eBook $84.99
price for Mexico (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-66011-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $109.00
price for Mexico
  • ISBN 978-3-319-66010-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The United States and Military Coups in Turkey and Pakistan
Book Subtitle
Between Conspiracy and Reality
Authors
Copyright
2018
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-66011-0
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-66011-0
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-319-66010-3
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XV, 294
Number of Illustrations and Tables
6 illustrations in colour
Topics