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Palgrave Macmillan

Cultural Representations of Massacre

Reinterpretations of the Mutiny of Senegal

ISBN 9781137274960
Publication Date July 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan

Over the past sixty years, the massacre of Thiaroye (Senegal), the 1944 mutiny of African soldiers that was severely suppressed by the French army, has been continuously reinterpreted by artists such as L. S. Senghor, F. Keita, Doumbi-Fakoly, O. Sembene, B. B. Diop, R. Bouchareb, and F. F. Faye. In this book, Parent puts together a history of these representations, characterizing their socio-historical role and the way each document (re-)interprets the events. Combining a first-hand analysis of the works and their intertextual interactions, as well as an external perspective (which consists of reconstructing the socio-historical contexts of production and reception of each document), Parent engages with history, literature, film, poetics, and politics and highlights the importance of remembering the past.

Sabrina Parent is FRS-FNRS Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Faculté de Philosophie et Lettres at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium. 
 

Introduction
1. Historical Background and Representations of Thiaroye
PART I: REPRESENTATIONS OF THIAROYE IN COLONIAL TIMES: "TYAROYE" BY LÉOPOLD SÉDAR-SENGHOR AND "AUBE AFRICAINE" BY FODEBA KEITA
2. Léopold Sédar Senghor's Thiaroye: The Prototype of Sacrifice
3. Fodeba Keita's Thiaroye: A Transitory Episode in the African Epic
PART II: REPRESENTATIONS OF THIAROYE IN THE POST-INDEPENDENCE ERA: THIAROYE TERRE ROUGE BY BOUBACAR BORIS DIOP, MORTS POUR LA FRANCE BY DOUMBI-FAKOLY, AND CAMP DE THIAROYE BY SEMBENE OUSMANE
4. Boubacar Boris Diop's Thiaroye: Rebellion and Treason
5. Doumbi-Fakoly's Morts pour la France: Thiaroye as a Key Episode in Understanding (Neo-) Colonialism
6. Camp de Thiaroye by Sembene Ousmane: Art and / as Resistance
PART III: REPRESENTATIONS OF THIAROYE IN A NEW ERA: L'AMI Y'A BON BY RACHID BOUCHAREB AND AUBE DE SANG BY CHEIKH FATY FAYE
7. Rachid Bouchareb's Minimalist Representation of Thiaroye
8. Dismantling Thiaroye's Dichotomies in Cheik Faty Faye's Play Conclusion

Reviews

"With erudition, elegance, and sensitivity, Parent documents how writers, filmmakers, and poets over the years reinserted Thiaroye into African and French history and memory. She thus gives a voice to the former colonized people who present their own rendering of the events. This remarkable scholarship is informative, sophisticated, and offers a stimulating reading experience." - Dina Sherzer, Professor Emeritus of French, Italian, and Comparative Literature, University of Texas at Austin, USA
"With great acuity, Parent provides a clear, explanatory history of people: those who actually suffered from the lethally arrogant behavior of the colonists, as well as those who strove to mark the massacre of Thiaroye in writing, using a creative talent that is necessarily somewhat removed from complete historical accuracy. I am indebted to Parent, whose tireless and profound work made me first admit, and later share her point of view that the official history of the massacre of Thiaroye was in fact merely fiction - which is not to say a lie. This research represents a historic milestone." - Armelle Mabon, Associate Professor of History, Université de Bretagne-Sud, Lorient, France
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