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Palgrave Macmillan

Education and the State in Modern Peru

Primary Schooling in Lima, 1821 - c. 1921

ISBN 9781137338402
Publication Date December 2013
Formats Hardcover Paperback Ebook (PDF) Ebook (EPUB) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series Historical Studies in Education

Education and the State in Modern Peru illuminates how education was the site of ideological and political struggle in Peru during its early years as an independent state. Spanning 100 years and discussing both urban and rural education, it shows how school funding, curricula, and governance became part of the cultural process of state-building in Peru. Drawing on detailed historical research and data, G. Antonio Espinoza analyzes the factors that affected the development of primary schooling in the capital city of Lima and the surrounding provinces between 1821 and 1921. He focuses not only on state intervention, but also on key societal elements that affected the development of education during this century, including social demand for education, prevailing educational ideas, cultural change, and patronage.

G. Antonio Espinoza is Assistant Professor of Latin American History at Virginia Commonwealth University, USA.

1. Schooling Patterns
2. From Republicanism to Popular Instruction to Nationalism: Official Educational Ideas and Goals in Peru, 1821-1905
3. Teachers, Local Communities, and National Government
4. Inside Primary Schools: Curricula and Methods in the Lima Region, 1821-1905
5. The Realities of the Estado Docente: Educational Centralization from 1905 to c. 1921


"In this carefully researched book, Antonio Espinoza takes advantage of the insights of the most recent literature on the history of education and on state formation to provide a splendid introduction to the foundational stages of the Peruvian educational system." - Héctor Lindo-Fuentes, Associate Chair and Professor, Department of History, Fordham University, USA
"Based on extensive research and using a sophisticated conceptual framework, this impressive monograph successfully demonstrates the centrality of education within efforts at nation- and state-building in nineteenth-century Peru and the ambiguities that shaped its implementation in the context of a highly authoritarian and exclusionary society." - Carlos Aguirre, Professor, Department of History, Director, Latin American Studies Program, University of Oregon, USA
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