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Palgrave Macmillan

Elections and Democratization in the Middle East

The Tenacious Search for Freedom, Justice, and Dignity

ISBN 9781137299246
Publication Date February 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series Elections, Voting, Technology

For decades, elections in many parts of the Middle East were a forgone conclusion. They came and went with little fanfare as many knew that results were predetermined in the offices and corners of state security buildings in Cairo, Damascus, Tehran, and Tunisia. No wonder that most citizens did not care to participate or take part in such theatrical displays. The Arab uprisings that toppled entrenched autocrats have changed this. Voters flocked to the polls to cast their votes and choose their rulers. This book explores the dynamics of elections in the Middle East and their impact on democratization processes. It combines overview chapters with individual studies of Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Yemen, Iraq, Iran, and Turkey.

Mahmoud Hamad holds a joint appointment as Assistant Professor of Politics at Drake University, USA and Cairo University, Egypt. The recipient of two Fulbright grants, he is an expert on Middle East politics, democratization, and comparative judicial politics. He is the author of Generals and Judges in the Making of Modern Egypt (forthcoming). He holds a PhD in Political Science from the University of Utah, USA.

Khalil al-Anani is a Senior Fellow at the Middle East Institute in Washington, DC, USA. A leading academic expert on Islamist movements, Egyptian politics, and democratization in the Middle East, he is the author of several books in Arabic and English, including Inside the Muslim Brotherhood: Religion, Identity, and Politics (forthcoming) and The Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt: Gerontocracy Fighting against Time (2007). He holds a PhD in Political Science from Durham University, UK.

1. Introduction: Democratic Beauty and Electoral Ugliness in the Arab World; Nathan J. Brown
2. Tunisia between Democratization and Institutionalizing Uncertainty; Kevin Koehler and Jana Warkotsch
3. Egypt: Egypt: Transition in the Midst of Revolution; Hesham Sallam
4. Libya: Legacy of Dictatorship and the Long Path to Democracy; Manal Omar
5. Morocco's 'spring': The Monarchical Advantage and Electoral Futility; Mohamed Daadaoui
6. Elections and Transition in Yemen; Vincent Durac
7. Iraq: Democracy and Electoral Politics in Post-Saddam Era; Reidar Visser
8. Elections and Authoritarianism in the Islamic Republic of Iran; Luciano Zaccara
9. Elections and Regime Change in Turkey: Tenacious Rise of Political Islam; Kivanc Ulusoy
10. Elections and Beyond: Democratization, Democratic Consolidation, or What?; Mahmoud Hamad and Khalil Al-Anani

Mahmoud Hamad, Drake University, USA, and Cairo University, Egypt
Khalil al-Anani, Middle East Institute, USA
Nathan J. Brown, George Washington University, USA
Mohamed Daadaoui, Oklahoma City University, USA
Vincent Durac, University College Dublin , Ireland
Kevin Koehler, King's College London, UK
Manal Omar, Center for Conflict Management, United States Institute of Peace, USA
Hesham Sallam, Georgetown University, USA
Kıvanç Ulusoy, Istanbul University, Turkey
Reidar Visser, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs, Norway
Jana Warkotsch , European University Institute in Florence, Italy
Luciano Zaccarai, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Qatar


"In a region torn between mass uprisings and military repression, how and under what conditions do elections advance popular sovereignty? Further, how does recent voting in the Arab world compare with electoral competition in the non-Arab states of Turkey and Iran? Lucidly written, Elections and Democratization in the Middle East answers these questions and more. It provides a tour d'horizo n of the contemporary political landscape and will energize the debate over the power of elections to change regimes and transform societies." - Jason Brownlee, University of Texas at Austin, USA
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