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Palgrave Macmillan

Genocide, Risk and Resilience

An Interdisciplinary Approach

ISBN 9781137332424
Publication Date November 2013
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series Rethinking Political Violence

This collection adopts an interdisciplinary approach in order to understand the various factors at work in genocidal processes and their aftermath. The strong emphasis on legal norms, legal concepts and legal measures in other studies fails to consider further significant issues in relation to genocide. This book aims to redress this balance exploring social dynamics and human behaviour as well as the interplay of various psychological, political, sociological, anthropological and historical factors at work in genocidal processes.

With contributions from top international scholars, this volume provides an integrated perspective on risk and resilience, acknowledging the importance of mitigating factors in understanding and preventing genocide. It explores a range of issues including the conceptual definition of genocide, the notion of intent, preventive measures, transitional justice, the importance of property, the role of memory, self or national interest and principles of social existence.

Genocide, Risk and Resilience aims to cross conceptual, disciplinary and temporal boundaries and in doing so, provides rich insights for scholars from across political science, history, law, philosophy, anthropology and theology.

Bert Ingelaere has studied philosophy as well as social and cultural anthropology at the University of Leuven (KULeuven) and holds a PhD in Development Studies, University of Antwerp. Since 2004, he has conducted over 35 months of fieldwork in rural Rwanda and Burundi. Currently, he is postdoctoral research fellow from the Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO) at the Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB), University of Antwerp and affiliated with the Centre for Research on Peace and Development (CRPD), KULeuven. Previously, he was a researcher for the World Bank in Rwanda and China. His latest research focuses on social mobility in post-conflict/genocide context. He has written several articles and reports on Rwanda and Burundi for such publications as African Affairs, International Journal of Transitional Justice or Critique of Anthropology.

Stephan Parmentier is Professor of Crime, Law and Human Rights at KU Leuven, Belgium. In July 2010 he was appointed Secretary-General of the International Society for Criminology and he also serves on the Advisory Board of the Oxford Centre of Criminology and the International Institute for Sociology of Law (Oñati). His research interests include political crimes, transitional justice and human rights and the administration of criminal justice.
Jacques Haers is Academic Director of the University Centre Saint Ignatius Antwerp and Chair of Systematic Theology at the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies, KU Leuven, Belgium. His research interests are in contextual and liberation theologies, globalization and conflict transformation, eco-theology, philosophies and theologies of encounter and processes of relational constructionism and common discernment. 

Barbara Segaert is Scientific Coordinator, University Centre Saint Ignatius Antwerp, Belgium, where she develops academic programmes on various topics of contemporary relevance to society.

Introduction - Between Risk and Resilience: An Interdisciplinary Dialogue on Genocide; Bert Ingelaere, Stephan Parmentier, Jacques Haers and Barbara Segaert
1. The Concept of Genocide: What Are We Preventing?; Martin Shaw
2. Coping Strategies and Genocide Prevention; René Lemarchand
3. Reconsidering Root Causes: A New Framework for the Structural Prevention of Genocide and Mass Atrocities; Stephen McLoughlin and Deborah Mayersen
4. Communities that Taste for More: Religion's Best Way of Preventing Genocide; Jacques Haers SJ
5. An Ethics of Relationality: Destabilising the Exclusionary Frame of Us versus Them; Anya Topolski
6. Shared Burdens and Perpetrator-Victim Group Conciliation; Henry C. Theriault
7. Confronting the 'Crime of Crimes': Key Issues of Transitional Justice after Genocide; Stephan Parmentier
8. Genocide and the Problem of the State in Bosnia in the Twentieth Century; Cathie Carmichael
9. N'ajoutons pas la guerre à la guerre: French Responses to Genocide in Bosnia; Chris Jones
10. Finding Havens to Save Lives: Four Case Studies from the Jewish Refugee Crisis of the 1930s; Dean J. Kotlowski
11. Genocide and Property: Root Cause or Concomitant Effect?; Uğur Ümit Üngör
12. The Meaning of Monetary Reparations after a Genocide: The German-Jewish Case in the Early 1950s; Joëlle Hecker
13. Mass Amnesia: The Role of Memory after Genocide - A Case Study of Contemporary Poland; Katarzyna Szurmiak
14. Hidden Death: Rwandan Post-genocide Gacaca Justice and its Dangerous Blind Spots; Bert Ingelaere


Cathie Carmichael, University of East Anglia, UK
Joëlle Hecker, Institut d'Études Politiques, Paris
Chris Jones, University of East Anglia, UK
Dean J. Kotlowski, Salisbury University, Maryland, USA
Rene Lemarchand, University of Florida, USA
Deborah Mayersen, University of Wollongong, Australia
Stephen McLoughlin, Griffith University, Australia
Martin Shaw, Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals (IBEI), Spain
Katarzyna Szurmiak, Independent Scholar
Henry Theriault, Worcester State University, USA
Anya Topolskim, KU Leuven University, Belgium
Uğur Ümit Üngör, Utrecht University, The Nertherlands


"Prevention of genocide is a most inexact science. It is also a frustrating exercise because the best efforts at early warning are negated frequently due to lack of political will to confront the difficult choices that are always involved in saving innocent lives. Precisely because of those difficulties it is especially important to continue to explore root causes of mass atrocity, as well as how to redress past wrongs before the tensions they create escalate into genocide. It is equally important to study what measures have worked in the past even if the causal link to the prevention of genocide is always hard to prove. In particular, social practices and public policies in the last quarter century that aimed to address legacies of mass atrocities can offer clues towards appropriate remedies for victims and perhaps even a path toward genuine reconciliation [...] This volume is bound to become an indispensable tool in he urgent task to prevent the 'crime of crimes'.' - Juan Mendez, Washington College of Law, USA
''This edited volume [...] provides a series of relatively short, pithy chapters by scholars in political science, history, law, philosophy, anthropology, and theology, and thereby stretches the bounds of scholarship on genocide. The volume as a whole seeks to blur the distinctions between risk and resilience, prevention and coping, and origins and aftermaths, and focuses not only on the destructive vision of genocide, but also on the multiple and often localized forms of resistance and recovery that are typically overlooked. It is this emphasis on resistance and mitigating factors that really breaks new ground.'' - Lucy Hovil, International Refugee Rights Initiative
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