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Palgrave Macmillan

Islam, Democracy, and Development

Institutional and Policy Failures in the Muslim World

ISBN 9781137386083
Publication Date March 2014
Formats Ebook (PDF) Ebook (EPUB) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan

Islam, Democracy, and Development dispels the misconceptions and misinterpretations of Islamic political interest groups to justify the conventional wisdom pertaining to adherents of faith. Based on the institutional and policy failures of the self-seeking authoritarian leaders of the Muslim world, Pramanik argues that political and socio-cultural democracy must be preceded by economic growth. He contends that the absence of freewill and thought has stifled development in the Muslim world, by analysing three case studies on Malaysia and its to demonstrate the unique success stories.

Professor Ataul Huq Pramanik is a distinguished economist with a special expertise in development, distribution, poverty and public policies both from conventional and Islamic perspectives. In most of his research works published in books, academic journals, newspapers and magazines, Professor Huq has championed the cause of social justice with compassion as propounded by Islam. He argues very strongly in favor of economic, social and political democracy to promote development with justice in the Muslim world. As a former colleague of the Nobel Laureate – Professor Muhammad Yunus at the department of economics, Chittagong University, Bangladesh in the early 1970s, Professor Huq likes to blame the institutions rather than the victims for poverty, inequality and underdevelopment in the world, in general, and the Muslim world, in particular. He also enjoys the distinct privilege of having his bio-graphical record published in Marquis Who's who in the World (12th edition, USA), Who's Who in Science and Engineering (3rd edition, USA) and Dictionary of International Biography (24th edition, Cambridge). His biographical record has also been included in the International Directory of Distinguished Leadership (1998).

Islam and the West: Peace Through Freedom 7
A Historical Reflection on Misconceptions 7
Secularization as a Threat to Islam 8
Coercive Muslim States and their Western Sympathizers 9
Islamic Resurgence 10
Freedom for Justice, Peace and Stability 11
Concluding Remarks 12
The Role of The Abrahamic Faiths in the Making of Peace Through Societal Transformation. 14
Introduction 14
Pursuit of Material Development as a Panacea for Human Development 15
Pursuit of Modernity and Secularism as the Cause for Divergence from Common Faith 16
Anti-Islamic Sentiments as the Cause for Divergence from the Abrahamic Faith 17
Building Bridges Among Abrahamic Faiths Through Institutions. 18
Conclusion 22
Development Through Participation: The Case of Misdirected Development in the Arab World 25
Introduction 25
Lack of Instrumental Freedoms to Explain Misdirected Development Political freedom 26
Economic opportunities 28
Social facilities 28
Transparency guarantees 29
Social safety nets 29
Lack of Structural Reform to Explain Misdirected Development 30
Failure of integration to Explain Misdirected Development 30
Feeling of Insecurity to Explain Misdirected Development 31
Case for Integrated Approach to Comprehensive Development with Security 32
Conclusion 35
Political Corruption and its Implications for Development in the Arab World 36
Theoretical Background 36
Corruption and Development Interrelationship from Islamic Perspectives 37
Economic indicators of corruption 38
Political indicators of corruption 39
Socio-cultural and moral indicators of corruption 42
Correcting Moral, Market and Government Failures 43
Concluding Observations 44
Development and Democratization from the perspective of Islamic worldview: The role of civil society versus state in the Arab world 46
Introduction 46
Conceptual issues involved in democracy-civil society interrelationship 46
Compatibility between civil society-democracy linkage and IWV 47
Theoretical construct in state, society and developmental relationship 48
Empirical evidence to testify democracy promoting/inhibiting factors 50
Concluding observations 52
Social and other Requisites of Democracy in the Arab World-an Inter-Temporal Cross Country and Time Series Study 54
Introduction 54
Is There a Model for Democracy? 54
Requisites of Democracy 55
Framework for the Requisites of Democracy – Development Hypothesis 58
Testing Democracy-Development Hypothesis 59
Inter-temporal Comparison during Pre-and Post 9/11 61
Other Requisites of Democracy 64
Some Findings and Policy Implications 65
Interrelationship Between Good Governance and Democracy Based on Inclusive Growth: The Case of the Resource-Rich Arab World 67
Introduction 67
Statistical Model and Data Sources 67
Cross-cultural Variations Between East and West 68
Inclusive Growth-a Key to Democracy & Miraculous Achievements in Human Well-being 70
Empirical Evidence on Good Governance, Democracy and Inclusive Growth 71
Regression Results 74
Conclusion and Policy Suggestions 75
Why Most Authoritarian Governments Failed While A Few Succeeded?: Lesson from Miracle Economies including China for African Muslim Countries 76
Background 76
GDP as a Measure of Success 76
Operationalization of 'three Rs' through Economic reforms 77
Methodology and Variable Specifications 80
Empirical Evidences on 'Three Rs' 80
Relevance of East Asian Success Cases? 85
Finding and Policy Conclusion 88
Islam and Development: which one to blame for failure in the Muslim World? 89
Introduction 89
Shared Values between Universal Religious and Islamic Values and Development Prerequisites 90
Compatibility between Islam and Development 91
Incompatibility between Islam and Development 92
Islam and Development from the perspective of Global power play 93
Empirical Evidence on Islam and Development and its Co-determinants 94
Summary of Findings & Policy Suggestions 95
Islam, Democracy and Development: Which one to blame for failure in the Middle East and North Africa 96
Introduction 96
Review 96
Statistical Model used and Hypotheses tested 98
Specification of Variables for Testing Hypotheses 99
Empirical Evidence to Test the Hypotheses 101
Conclusion and Policy Suggestions 103
CHAPTER 11 104
Arab Uprising: An Analysis from Political Economy Perspective 104
Background 104
Theoretical construct 105
Statistical Model and Variable Specifications 107
Empirical Findings 108
Concluding Remarks and Policy Suggestion 110
CHAPTER 12 112
Islam and Development Revisited with Evidences from Malaysia 112
Introduction 112
Some theoretical issues- 112
Implications Behind Islamic and Secular Worldview of Development 113
Misconceptions about Islam and development 114
Macro-level evidences on development based on Islamic worldview to promote noble values 116
Micro-level evidence on development based on Islamic worldview to promote noble values 118
Coexistence of Development and Islamic Commitment 118
Relationship between Perception of Development and Religious Commitments 120
Implications of Development for Family Values and Institutions 121
Conclusion and policy suggestions 125
CHAPTER 13 127
Cross-cultural development connections with reference to a success story of a Muslim country as that of Malaysia. 127
Introduction 127
What Went Wrong with Some Counties in Cross-Cultural Development Connections? 127
Cross-Cultural Development Connections from Theoretical Perspective. 129
Coexistence, Convergence or divergence? 132
Cross-Cultural Development Connections Tested Through Micro-level Data. 134
Some Findings and Policy Suggestions 137
CHAPTER 14 138
Development Strategy and Its Implications for Unity in the Muslim World 138
Introduction 138
The Idea of Unity from the Islamic Perspective 138
The Idea of Unity from a Secular Perspective 139
Empirical Evidence Leading to the Ummah's Disintegration 141
The OIC's Role in Integrating the Ummah 143
Strengthening Unity through Economic and Political Democracy 144
The OIC's Future Role 146
Conclusion and Policy Suggestions 147
CHAPTER 15 149
Success story in Malaysia's development: conventional and Islamic perspectives 149
Introduction 149
Development Success By Regimes 149
Pre-Independence Colonial Regime (until 1957) 150
Tunku Regime (1957-1971) 151
Razak-Regime (1971-75) 153
Onn-Regime (1976-1981) 154
Mahathir-Regime (1981-) 154
Relevance of Conventional Hypotheses for Explaining 156
Conventional Hypotheses to Explain Development Success: 156
Dominance of Ethico-Cultural Values Behind Malaysia's Development Success. 160
Conclusion and Policy Suggestion. 161


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