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Palgrave Macmillan

Juvenile Delinquency and the Limits of Western Influence, 1850-2000

ISBN 9781137349514
Publication Date August 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood

Juvenile Delinquency and the Limits of Western Influence, 1850-2000 brings together a wide range of case studies from across the globe, written by some of the leading scholars in the field, to explore the complex ways in which historical understandings of childhood and juvenile delinquency have been constructed in a global context. The book highlights the continued entanglement of historical descriptions of the development of juvenile justice systems in other parts of the world with narratives of Western colonialism and the persistence of notions of a cultural divide between East and West. It also stresses the need to combine theoretical insights from traditional comparative history with new global history approaches. In doing so, the case studies examined in the volume reveal the significant limitations to the influence of Western ideas about juvenile delinquency in other parts of the world, as well as the important degree to which Western understandings of delinquency were constructed in a transnational context.

Heather Ellis is Senior Lecturer in History of Education at Liverpool Hope University, UK. Previously she was a Lecturer in British History at the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany. She is the author of Generational Conflict and University Reform: Oxford in the Age of Revolution (2012), and is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society. She has published widely on the history of education, masculinity and childhood.

1. Introduction: Constructing Juvenile Delinquency in a Global Context; Heather Ellis
PART I: COLONIAL CONTEXTS
2. Adolescent Empire: Moral Dangers for Boys in Britain and India, c. 1880-1914; Stephanie Olsen
3. The Road to the Reformatory: (Mis-)communication in the Colonial Courts between Judges, Juveniles, and Parents in the Netherlands Indies, 1900-1942; Amrit Dev Kaur Khalsa
PART II: JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND TRANSNATIONAL MIGRATION
4. It Takes a Village: Budapest Jewry and the Problem of Juvenile Delinquency; Howard Lupovitch
5. Latino/a Youth Gangs in Spain in Global Perspective; Miroslava Chávez-García
PART III: JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND WAR: EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY PERSPECTIVES
6. Bad Boys? Juvenile Delinquency during the First World War in Wilhelmine Germany; Sarah Bornhorst
7. Empire's Little Helpers: Juvenile Delinquents and the State in East Asia, 1880-1945; Barak Kushner
PART IV: COLD WAR CONTEXTS
8. A Soviet Moral Panic?: Youth, Delinquency and the State, 1953-1961; Gleb Tsipursky
9. Danger and Progress: White Middle-Class Juvenile Delinquency and Motherly Anxiety in the Post-War United States, 1945-1965; Nina Mackert
PART V: JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND THE POST-WAR STATE
10. Becoming Delinquent in the Post-War Welfare State: England and Wales, 1945-1965; Kate Bradley
11. Mapping the Turkish Republican Notion of Childhood and Juvenile Delinquency: The Story of Children's Courts in Turkey, 1940-1990; Nazan Çiçek


Sarah Bornhorst, Museum of the Berlin Wall, Germany
Kate Bradley, University of Kent, UK
Miroslava Chávez-García, University of California at Davis, USA
Nazan Çiçek, University of Ankara, Turkey
Amrit Dev Kaur Khalsa, Leiden Global, the Netherlands
Barak Kushner, University of Cambridge, UK
Howard Lupovitch, Wayne State University, USA
Nina Mackert, University of Erfurt, Germany
Stephanie Olsen, Max Planck Center for the History of Emotions, Germany
Gleb Tsipursky, The Ohio State University, USA

Reviews

'Juvenile Delinquency and The Limits of Western Influence, 1850-2000 is a significant addition to a new body of literature that is challenging and changing the historiography of juvenile justice. In this new book of essays, smartly framed and introduced by Heather Ellis, the study of youth crime and juvenile justice is located in a global context, with an emphasis on both national variations and comparative analysis. This volume goes far beyond the prevailing Western paradigm to explore varieties of juvenile justice between the second half of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twenty-first century in colonial India and the Netherlands Indies, Hungary, Spain, Germany, East Asia, the USSR, United States, Britain and Turkey. Going beyond reductionist accounts of Western influences, the authors grapple with culturally diverse meanings of 'delinquency,' local and global variations in institutions of social control, and how justice systems vary between and within states. This book will no doubt encourage further investigations of the transnational circulation and exchange of ideas about juvenile justice. A must-read for scholars and researchers willing to go beyond a nation-based narrative.' - Tony Platt, San José State University, California, USA, and author of The Child Savers: The Invention of Delinquency
'This is a major contribution to a wave of new research exploring the phenomena of juvenile delinquency and juvenile social control in long-neglected historical and geopolitical contexts, providing global perspective in a field that has been focused on locales in the West. The well-conceived anthology productively unsettles this insular Western gaze — through studies centering on East Asia, India, the former Soviet Union, Turkey, Hungary, to name a few examples — but does far more than provide illustrative accounts from an assortment of non-western national contexts. Rather, in their sustained critical reflection on the East-West distinction itself, all of the assembled authors challenge the logic of this binary, showing how demographic, cultural, and institutional currents actually circulate both western and eastern impulses within specific historical and community contexts. Their collective focus on general themes of colonialism, migration, and war provides a helpful unifying frame for these diverse case studies, ensuring their similar engagement with local, national, and transnational dynamics of global exchange. The anthology not only succeeds in escaping the western gaze, and unsettling the East-West divide, but situating the historical construction and control of juvenile delinquency in a larger world system. These are fascinating historical studies in their own right, and they collectively offer both an array of specific insights into what seemed a largely settled history of juvenile delinquency and youth justice, and a general call for more global perspective. As such, they invite a global turn in the great tradition of critical revisionist historical research in juvenile justice, while also challenging contemporary research to take stock of this living world system, where ideas and practices related to juvenile delinquency and juvenile social control circulate still today.' - Geoff Ward, University of California Irvine, USA
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