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Palgrave Macmillan

Land Ownership Inequality and Rural Factor Markets in Turkey

A Study for Critically Evaluating Market Friendly Reforms

ISBN 9781137110886
Publication Date May 2012
Formats Ebook (PDF) Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series The Economics of the Middle East

Fatma Gul Unal analyzes the interconnection between inequality and rural factor markets. Its scope is the intersection of agriculture and inequality. Sheinvestigates the effectiveness and efficiency of land and labor markets in spreading economic opportunities within agriculture and, thereby, in reducing rural poverty and inequality using Turkey as a case study.The core theme in this book is the "connectedness" between land ownership inequality and how markets mediate economic opportunities to people.

Fatma Gül Ünal has taught Economics at Bard College at Simon's Rock, Bucknell University, and at the University of Massachusetts - Amherst, where she is a staff economist at the Center for Popular Economics.  She currently works as an economist for the United Nations Development Programme Regional Bureau for Asia and the Pacific in New York. Her research interests include the political economy of gender, asset and income inequality, poverty within the context of rural economies, and environmental and resource economics. She has received fellowships from the University of Manchester, Cambridge University, and the University of Utah to participate in workshops on development economics, inequality, poverty, and gender, and has taught economics classes for women's organizations and unions. Ünal holds a PhD in Economics from University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA. 

Introduction: Why Agriculture?
A Portrait of Turkish Agriculture: Inequality and its Discontents
Sharecropping or Fixed Rent Tenancy?
Testing For Inverse Size-Yield Relationship in Turkish Agriculture
Conclusions

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"Fatma Gül Ünal exposes the historic and geographic basis of Turkey's rural poverty and land inequality, which have recently increased, despite general economic success. Her new fieldwork confirms that - contrary to prevailing prejudice - smaller, more equal farms, reliant on family rather than hired labour, are more efficient than larger, machine-intensive farms in most of Turkey, mainly because labor-management is less costly. Yet, as this excellent book shows, exclusive reliance on markets cannot reduce Turkey's land inequality, so land reform is needed for efficient farming - as well as to reduce rural unemployment and poverty, and hence ethnic, regional, and class tensions." - Michael Lipton, member of the Council of the Overseas Development Institute, London, and recipient of Leontief Prize for Advancing the Frontiers of Economic Thought
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