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Palgrave Macmillan

Local Leadership in Democratic Transition

Competing Paradigms in International Peacebuilding

ISBN 9781137282491
Publication Date November 2013
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies

Since the end of the Cold War, the United Nations has become increasingly involved in peacebuilding. However, the often questionable results have led to much mistrust of the methods employed by international organizations. The current transition paradigm assumes that local leaders which participate in the process will assist in the democratic transition and are themselves an output of the process. This assumption appears to be fundamentally wrong. This book examines whether the inclusion of non-democratic leadership in post-conflict transition induces democratic principles and sustainable peace, or if it in fact undermines the values which the international community attempts to promote and contribute towards the solidification of non-democratic regimes.
Using an in-depth analysis of local leadership before, during and after democratic transition in three key case studies, namely Burundi, Cambodia and Liberia, the author provides a unique insight into the type of leadership required for transitioning a country to democracy. Delivering a new framework that assists scholars, policymakers and practitioners in understanding the roles of local leaders in democratic transition, it also includes recommendations for future peacebuilding operations.




Chavanne L. Peercy is a Lecturer in International Development at the University of Minnesota, USA and has extensive experience in governance issues including democratization, decentralization and national level development planning with governments and local organizations in Africa and Southeast Asia. Her main research interests are in political development in post-conflict and fragile states. She will be a Visiting Faculty Member at the University of Conakry, USA in the Autumn.


Introduction
1. Local Leaders in Internationally Led Democratic Transitions
Defining Democracy
Democratic Peace Theory in Peacebuilding
Local Leaders in Post-Conflict Democratic Transition
2. Cambodia
Cambodia's Political History; Geopolitics and Charismatic men
The Negotiations and Peace Process
The 'New' Hun Sen Government and Democracy
Conclusion
3. Liberia Case Study
Background
Entry of the United Nations
Long Term Outcomes of the Intervention
Conclusion
4. Burundi
Background to the Conflict
International Intervention
Long Term Results of the Intervention
Conclusion
5. Reevaluating the Transition Paradigm
A New Framework for Internationally-Led Democratic Transition
Secondary Cases
Conclusion
6. Shifting the Transition Paradigm
Future Research on the Subject

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