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Palgrave Macmillan

Marxism and the Making of China

A Doctrinal History

ISBN 9781137379481
Publication Date February 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan

This volume constitutes a rigorous attempt to assess the actual influence of traditional Marxist theory - the doctrines of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels - on developments in revolutionary China. Employing primary documents, the exposition carries the reader from the first years of the Chinese Communist Party, through the stresses of the war of resistance against Japan and the Civil War - that concluded with the proclamation of the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. An account of the Mao epoch, inspired by a fundamentally transformed Marxism, is prelude to the 'Second Chinese Revolution' that saw the 'Thought of Deng Xiaoping' shaping the destiny of the New China. The role of modern China, as a reactive nationalist, single-party, developmental dictatorship, is assessed against what we know of such systems, and how they have influenced our history in the past.

A. James Gregor is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley, USA. He was a Guggenheim Fellow, a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in the Social Sciences at Hebrew University, Jerusalem, and H. L. Oppenheimer Professor at the Marine Corps University in Quantico, Virginia. He was awarded a Knighthood in the Order of Merit by the Italian government. He is the author of thirty volumes, most recently Totalitarianism and Political Religion: An Intellectual History.

Table of Contents
Acknowledgements
Preface
A Note on Transliteration
1. China, Marxism, and the Background in Time
2. Marxism, Revolution, and Development
3. Marxism, Revolution, and the Making of New Nations
4. China, Developmental Nationalism, and Revolution
5. Mao Zedong and the Conquest of China
6. The Making of Maoism
7. 'Mao Zedong Thought'
8. The Passing of Maoism as a Developmental System
9. Deng Xiaoping, Maoism, and 'Proletarian Internationalism'
10. The Ideology of Post-Maoist China
11. New China in Comparative Perspective
Select Bibliography
Index


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"An original, thoughtful and well written study, at once a history of communist China and an exploration of the ideas which shaped it - Marxism-Leninism, Maoism and nationalism. It sheds new light on the tension between the doctrinal foundations and recent economic policies and practices. This informative and learned study also illuminates the differences between political an economic developments in present day China and postcommunist Russia and their respective use of the shared ideological heritage." Paul Hollander, Davis Center of Russian and Eurasian Studies, Harvard University
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