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Palgrave Macmillan

Methodological Challenges and New Approaches to Research in International Development

ISBN 9781137293619
Publication Date May 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan

An expansion in funding for 'basic' research has provided space for development researchers to reflect on their practice and on their ethical responsibility to do research that is 'accountable and of the highest quality' (ESRC Framework 2006). The growth in qualitative as well as quantitative data archiving, which is now a requirement of many funders, brings these issues to the fore. For secondary data to be usable there needs to be a robust methodological account reflecting on the challenges of data production and the implications of these for potential conclusions. The recent emphasis on evidence-based policy making by DFID means it is doubly important to ensure that quantitative and qualitative studies make full disclosure of their methods of data production and analysis, although there is little guidance provided in relation to this. This volume responds to these challenges, drawing on best practice from other fields, and provides a fresh perspective on perennial debates such as how to integrate qualitative and quantitative approaches and the relationship between data and theory.

Laura Camfield is a Senior Lecturer in International Development at the University of East Anglia, UK. Initially trained as an anthropologist, she now works collaboratively using qualitative and quantitative methods and training others in their use. She currently directs Postgraduate Research within DEV, reflecting her commitment to improving the quality of research and analysis in international development.

List Of Tables And Figures
Notes On Contributors
1. Introduction Laura Camfield
1.1. Background
1.2. Quality Of Research In International Development
1.3. Chapter Outlines
1.4. References
2. Ethics, Intimacy And Distance In Longitudinal, Qualitative Research: Experiences From Reality Check Bangladesh; Malin Arvidson
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Reality Check Bangladesh
2.3. The RCA Principles
2.4. Intimacy In Qualitative Research And In RCA
2.4. Intimacy And Competing Realms Of Ethics
2.5. Intimacy, Distance And Voice
2.6. Concluding Remarks
2.7. References
3. What's In It For Us? Consent, Access And The Meaning Of Research In A Qualitative Longitudinal Study; Rebecca Taylor, Malin Arvidson, Rob Macmillan, Andri Soteri–Proctor and Simon Teasdale
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Real Times: Project Methodology And Ethical Practice
3.2. The Literature: Access, Consent, Gatekeepers And Politics
3.3. Recruiting The Cases
3.4. Reflecting On Recruitment And Building Relationships
3.5. Discussion And Conclusions
3.6. References
4. Going Back To Re-Study Communities: Challenges And Opportunities; Graham Crow
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Problems In The Field
4.3. Conclusion
4.4. References
5. Taking A Wellbeing Approach To Fisheries Research: Insights From A Sri Lankan Fishing Village And Relevance For Sustainable Fisheries; Coulthard, S., Sandaruwan.K.L., Paranamana, N., And D. Koralgama
5.1. Introduction – Taking A Wellbeing Approach To Fisheries Research
5.2. A 3D Framework For Researching Wellbeing
5.3. Assessment Of Basic Human Needs
5.4. Exploring Needs And Establishing Thresholds
5.5. Governance Relationship Assessment (GRA)
5.6. Measuring Subjective Wellbeing – The 'Global Person Generated Index'
5.7. Linking Wellbeing To Fisheries Policy
5.8. References
6. Researching Social Change And Continuity: A Complexity-Informed Study Of Twenty Rural Community-Cases In Ethiopia 1994 – 2015; Philippa Bevan
6.1. Introduction
6.2. The Foundations Of Knowledge Framework
6.3. The WIDE3 Research Domain And Research Questions
6.4. Theory
6.5. Two Diachronic Frameworks
6.6. Research Strategy
6.7. Research Answers
6.8. Some Empirical Conclusions
6.9. The Stage 1 And Stage 2 Communities: Looking To The Future
6.10. References
7. Patterns Of Socio-Economic Mobility In Rural Bangladesh: Lessons From Life-History Interviews; Peter Davis
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Methods
7.3. Conceptualising Socio-Economic Mobility
7.4. Patterns Of Coping In Crises
7.6. Concluding Remarks: Learning About Poverty Dynamics From Life Histories
7.7. References
8. Household Surveys – Using Qualitative Data To Enhance Our Understanding Of Household Dynamics Over Time; Pamela Nasirumbi, Janet Seeley, And Sian Floyd
8.1. Introduction 240
8.2. Background To The General Population Cohort
8.3. Definitions Of Household And Family
8.4. 'The Household' In The GPC
8.5. Household Creation In The Ganda Society
8.6. Tracing Households
8.7. Tracing GPC Households
8.8. Comparison Of Our Findings With Those Of Other Studies
8.9. References
9. Using Qualitative And Panel Data To Create Durable Measures Of Child Poverty And Wellbeing Across Childhood; Keetie Roelen
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Mixed Method Approaches In Longitudinal And Child Poverty Research
9.3. Monetary And Multidimensional Child Poverty In Vietnam
9.4. Chronic Child Poverty In Rural Ethiopia
9.5. Discussion And Conclusion
9.6. References
10. Epistemology And Ethics In Data Sharing And Analysis: A Critical Overview; Joanna Bornat
10.1. Introduction
10.2. What Do We Mean By Secondary Analysis, Re-Use Or Sharing?
10.3. Debates In Re-Use
10.4. Ethical Issues
10.5. Conclusions
10.6. References
11. Replication Of Quantitative Work In Development Studies: Experiences And Suggestions; Maren Duvendack And Richard Palmer-Jones
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Experiences With Replication In Social Sciences
11.3. Motivation For Replication
11.4. Prominent Examples In Replication In Economics
11.5. Modelling Incentives For Replication
11.6. Argument And Persuasion
11.7. Conclusions
11.8. References
12. Replicating 'Sources Of Slow Growth In African Economies'; Graham A. Davis
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Data Used To Explain Growth
12.3. Theoretical Background
12.3. The Problem Of Missing Countries
12.4. Policy Implications
12.5. Concluding Remarks
12.6. References
13. Reflexive Relations And The Contested Creation Of Epistemic Diversity In The Safe Motherhood Initiative; Dominique Béhague And Katerini Storeng
13.1. Introduction. Denouncing 'Evidence-Base Advocacy'
13.2. Roots Of Exceptionality
13.3. Theorizing The Boarders Of Normative Epistemologies
13.4. Early Historical Insight: The Comprehensive Agenda
13.5. The Public Health Lens: Identifying 'Modifiability'
13.6. Cost-Effectiveness And The Search For Political Clout
13.7. Defending Epistemic Flexibility
13.8. Interest In 'Context'
13.9. The Ethics Of Epistemological Power
13.10. References
14. Conclusion Laura Camfield
14.1. Defining And Measuring Poverty
14.2. Studying Poverty Over Time
14.3. Generating Evidence
14.4. Cross-Cutting Issues
14.5. Conclusion
14.6. References

Malin Arvidson, Lund University, Sweden
Dominique Béhague, Vanderbilt University, USA
Philippa Bevan, Oxford University, UK
Joanna Bornat, Open University, UK
Sarah Coulthard, Northumbria University, UK
Graham Crow, University of Edinburgh, UK
Graham A. Davis, Colorado School of Mines, USA
Peter Davis, Independent Scholar, UK
Maren Duvendack, University of East Anglia, UK
Sian Floyd, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
Pamela Nasirumbi, Centre for Sexual Health and HIV Research at University College London, UK
Richard Palmer-Jones, Independent Scholar, UK
Keetie Roelen, Institute of Development Studies, UK
Janet Seeley, University of East Anglia, UK
Katerini Storeng, University of Oslo, Norway
Rebecca Taylor, University of Birmingham, UK


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