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Palgrave Macmillan

NGOs under Pressure in Partial Democracies

ISBN 9780230368347
Publication Date August 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (PDF) Ebook (EPUB) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series Non-Governmental Public Action

Over the past decade, international human rights organizations and think tanks have expressed a growing concern that the space of civil society organizations around the world is under pressure. This book examines the pressures experienced by NGOs in four partial democracies: Guatemala, Honduras, Indonesia and the Philippines. Based on fieldwork, it analyzes the complex processes of shrinking political space and the ways NGOs and grassroots organizations try to defend and reclaim their space.

Chris van der Borgh is an associate professor at the Centre for Conflict Studies, Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
 
Carolijn Terwindt holds a doctorate from Columbia University, USA. She is currently a legal advisor at the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights in Berlin, Germany.

Introduction
PART I: PRESSURES ON CIVIL SOCIETY IN PARTIAL DEMOCRACIES
1. Introduction
2. Partly Free, Partly Democratic?
3. Civil Society Organizations and Arenas of Contention
4. Partial Democracy and Pressures on Civil Society: Tentative Explanations
PART II: POLITICAL SPACE OF NGOS
5. Introduction
6. NGOs, Political Space and Pressures
7. Pressures on Political Space: an Overview
8. Explaining Pressures on NGOs
9. Research Methodology
PART III: NATIONAL CONTEXTS: PARTIAL DEMOCRATIZATION AND CIVIL SOCIETY
10. Introduction
11. Guatemala
12. Honduras
13. Philippines
14. Indonesia
15. Conclusion
PART IV: POLITICAL SPACE UNDER PRESSURE: TRENDS AND PATTERNS
16. Promotion of Sensitive Rights
17. Promotion of Truth, Good Governance and the Rule of Law
18. Claiming Natural Resources
19. Contesting Regime Legitimacy
20. Insecurity
21. Conclusion
PART V: DEFENDING, CLAIMING AND NEGOTIATING POLITICAL SPACE
22. Introduction
23. Responses: an overview
24. Defensive responses
25. Proactive responses
26. Conclusion
Conclusion
Annex
Bibliography

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Reviews

'This useful, timely study goes beyond the headline of 'civil society backlash' to provide a fine-grained examination of the pressures that civil society organizations are facing in partial democracies. The nuanced analysis sheds light not just on the types of pressures that civil society organizations are facing but why such pressures are arising and how affectedorganizations are responding to them.' — Thomas Carothers, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Washington, DC, USA
'This book is an indispensable tool for human rights organizations in Mexico. The authors' analysis offers us an objective perspective on the real violence confronting civil society organizations in different parts of the world and, most importantly, it offers us keys to reveal and expose this violence and respond strategically to the pressures imposed by powerful actors.' — Alejandra Ancheita, Founder and Executive Director of ProDESC (The Project of Economic Cultural and Social Rights), Mexico
'This convincing and thorough analysis shows that the way civil society organizations are affected by the restrictions varies depending on their areas of work, and therefore the strategies and methods of the organizations to adapt and continue their work vary too. It will be of great interest to other organizations working in a comparable environment.' — Dr Julia Duchrow, Head of the Human Rights and Peace Desk, Bread for the World, Germany
  • Bastiaan Engelhard - Coordinator Program for Central America, Dutch Embassy Costa Rica 1st February 2015

    An excellent insightful publication for anyone who lives and works in Central America and tries to understand the working climate of the civil society.

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