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Palgrave Macmillan

Policy Transfer in Criminal Justice

Crossing Cultures, Breaking Barriers

ISBN 9781137300591
Publication Date June 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan

Will 'what works' in one country work in another? This unique collection examines the cross-cultural transfer of skills and expertise, drawing out the opportunities and challenges involved in taking penal practices from one country to another.

Focusing on an EU support project with Turkey's Ministry of Justice, the contributors evaluate their experiences of developing probation services and inter-agency programmes with juvenile offenders and victims of crime internationally. The volume highlights the need for strong communication and social skills to ensure mutual understanding, respect and sustainability, as well as underlining an awareness of historical, political, social, geographical, economic, religious and political factors as an essential precondition for successful cross-cultural transfer.

Outlining a helpful set of recommendations for future projects, applicable to a range of sectors and to cross-cultural work in Europe and beyond, this collection will be a valuable resource to practitioners, especially those working with Muslim communities, as well as scholars in Criminal Justice, Social Work and Health Care.

Mary Anne McFarlane is an International Criminal Justice Advisor (USA, Turkey, Croatia, Palestine and Jordan). Formerly a probation chief executive and Board member, CEP, she has worked in the parliamentary legislative team and Probation Inspectorate and is a specialist in community courts and multi-agency solutions.

Rob Canton is a former probation officer and currently Professor of Community and Criminal Justice at De Montfort University, Leicester. He has worked extensively with the Council of Europe and the EU to develop penal practices in several countries and contributed to framing the European Probation Rules. He has also acted as Specialist Adviser to the House of Commons Justice Select Committee.

Introduction; Rob Canton and Mary Anne McFarlane
1. The Partnership between the UK in Developing Probation and Other Criminal Justice Services, and Turkey's Path to Accession; Kevin Barry and Mary Anne McFarlane
2. Change Management through International Assistance Projects in Turkey; Norman Powell and Baris Yüncüler
3. Developing Management Skills in the Turkish Probation Service; Jeanette Whitford and Meg Blumsom
4. Why Work Across Cultures?; Leyla Welkin
5. The Role of Language and the Interpreter in the Transfer of Professional Policy and Practice; Ergin Kaptan and Rob Canton
6. The Development of Policy and Interagency Working with Juvenile Offenders in Turkey; John Harding and Anna Ochtman
7. Developing Research and Information; Steve Stanley
8. National Standards in the Turkish Probation Service: A Solution Looking for a Problem?; Tony Grapes
9. Offending Behaviour Programmes for Juveniles; Danny Clark and Emma Osborne
10. Training Turkish Probation Managers to Support Work with Juvenile Offenders; Beverley Dubash and Nariman Dubash
11. Substance Misuse and Alcohol Programmes for Juveniles; Martin Spragg
12. Support Work with Victims of Crime – Developing Intervention and Training Manuals for Probation staff; Beverley Radcliffe and Jane Shackman
13. Developing Programmes for Victims of Domestic Abuse; Jodie Das and Barbara Unterlerchner
14. Developing Programmes for Victims of Sexual Violence; Maggie Lomax
15. Not far from Europe – but how can we Make our Penal Reform Messages Relevant?; Martin Seddon
16. Towards a Clearer Vision – Reflections on Policy Transfer in Penal Reform; Randel Barrows
17. Conclusions

Randel Barrows, Independent Trainer and Consultant, UK
Kevin Barry, Ministry of Justice, UK
Meg Blumsom, Probation Service, UK
Rob Canton, De Montfort University, UK
Danny Clark, Ministry of Justice, UK
Jodie Das, Coordinated Action Against Domestic Abuse Charity, UK
Beverley Dubash, Youth Offending Service, UK
Nariman Dubash, Probation Service, UK
Tony Grapes, Correctional Systems, UK
John Harding, International advisor and Writer, UK
Ergin Kaptan, Turkish-English Interpreter, Turkey
Maggie Loma, Association of Humanistic Practitioners, UK
Mary Anne McFarlane, Senior International Advisor on Criminal Justice, UK
Anna Ochtman, Dutch Probation Service, The Netherlands
Emma Osborne, Probation Service, UK
Norman Powell, Ministry of Justice for England and Wales, UK
Beverley Radcliffe, International Consultant and Trainer, UK
Martin Seddon, Department For International Development, UK
Jane Shackman, Consultant and Trainer, UK
Martin Spragg, Integrated Children's Services, Devon, UK
Steve Stanley, Former Probation Researcher and Consultant, UK
Barbara Unterlerchner, Weisser Ring, Austria
Leyla Welkin, Pomegranate Connection Program, Turkey
Jeanette Whitford, Probation Trust, UK
Baris Yüncüler, Council of Europe, Turkey


"This admirable case study into managing young offenders explores the problems that arise when policy makers attempt to transfer penal policies and practices from one country to another. Our understaning of the mechanics of securing penal change across national borders is greatly enhanced by this book." - Professor Mick Ryan, University of Greenwich, London, UK
"Transferring criminal justice policies and programmes across countries is now key to both national policy development and international communication. Mary Anne McFarlane and Rob Canton have put together this fascinating edited collection in which practitioners explore their experiences of trying to transfer practice relating to probation supervision of adults and young people to Turkey. It illustrates all the challenges, but also some of the solutions and tips of how to work with another probation practice culture and how that puts one's own assumptions to the test. A very important read for any international criminal justice practitioner or policy maker." - Professor Joanna Shapland, Edward Bramley Professor of Criminal Justice, University of Sheffield, UK
"Since its inception, probation has travelled from United States to Australia and then to England and Wales, France and other European jurisdictions. Literature is not very generous in providing inside stories of why and how this penal policy transfer has happened. This is the main merit of this book: it a case study of how Western ideas were adapted and implemented in the Eastern part of the continent. By doing that, the book fulfills brilliantly a gap in the literature and constitutes an invaluable resource for those working in consultancy or researching the penal policy transfer field." - Dr Ioan Durnescu, University of Bucharest
"This volume represents a precious resource both for those involved in policy and practice transfer and for those who study it. The editors have created an intriguing and thought-provoking book by asking participants in a project to develop probation, youth justice and work with victims in Turkey to describe and reflect upon their experiences. The result is a collection that deserves to be treated not just as a sourcebook of advice for those involved in such work, but also as a dataset for analysis by those who study it. I know of no other collection that better captures a range of perspectives on the many complexities of the dilemmas and challenges posed by policy and practice transfer." - Professor Fergus McNeill, Professor of Criminology & Social Work, University of Glasgow, UK
"One likely consequence of the political hit affecting probation at home is a haemorrhage of human capital - experience professionals and managers who either find that their services are no longer required ... Some of them may end up turning their attention elsewhere, and perhaps joining the ranks of probation personnel... To all of them, I recommend this volume as essential reading" - Gwen Robinson, British Journal of Criminology 55(3)
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