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Palgrave Macmillan

Sowing Market Reforms

The Internationalization of Russian Agriculture

ISBN 9781137313201
Publication Date September 2013
Formats Ebook (PDF) Ebook (EPUB) Hardcover 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan

Opening a closed economy to trade can lead to greater trade and the emergence of a market economy. Sowing Market Reforms examines the assumptions of liberal economic theory and assesses the impact that increased trade has had on the Russian agrarian sector. Crumley argues that Russian agricultural producers are not simply homo economicus responding to price signals, but rather they are economic actors influenced by institutional, financial, and legal obstacles as well as political culture. By examining a sector of the economy that was exposed to increased imports more than four decades ago, Crumley illuminates the economic pressures, resistance, and reform that help to shape Russia's agrarian sector today.

Michele L. Crumley is an Assistant Professor of Political Science and Coordinator of the International Affairs major at East Tennessee State University, USA. Dr. Crumley earned her BA from the University of Tennessee, Master of Public and International Affairs from the University of Pittsburgh, and PhD at the University of Connecticut. Dr. Crumley's teaching and research interests include comparative politics and international relations, with a special interest in political economy, land tenure, minority rights, and ethnic conflict. She has presented conference papers and published on agricultural institutions and the state in the transition economies of Hungary, Slovakia, and Russia. She has conducted field research in Russia, interned at the Sociological Research Center in St. Petersburg, and was awarded APSIA-Russian Foreign Ministry Exchange Scholar.

1. The Impact of Trade on Russian Agrarian Institutions: An Introduction
2. Conceptualizing Alternative Approaches to Institutional Change in Russia
3. Soviet Agrarian Institutions and Interests
4. Administrative and Organizational Changes as Agrarian Reform, 1972-1990
5. The Decentralization of Decision-Making Institutions in the Era of Market Reforms, 1990-2002
6. Government Incentives, Traditional Values, and the Shaping of Agrarian Interests
7. Changes and Constraints in Agrarian Institutions

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"Professor Crumley has produced a thorough, provocative, and wide ranging analysis of Soviet and post-Soviet, economics, politics, and in particular, their relationship with the Russian agrarian sector. The volume is thoroughly researched and documented, with a sound theoretical foundation, examining Russian agrarian developments between 1972 and 2012. Its focus on agrarian institutions, the relation between the institutions, free trade, political culture, and the impact of domestic structures provides a solid central thesis from which the book's arguments evolve. This volume provides a fresh look at crucial issues facing Russia, and is a welcome addition to the field of modern Russian studies." - Robert R. Thompson, Associate Professor of Politics, Arcadia University, USA
'The institutional, political, and social dynamics related to the Soviet economy were no less significant than the economic aspects. Crumley illustrates this masterfully in this expertly organized and well documented study of agricultural reform in Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Her major finding, that various domestic factors have worked over time to constrain the opening of the country's agrarian sector, will not surprise informed readers. However, what this book illustrates is the influence of such factors, their continuity, across the Soviet and post-Soviet periods. In my opinion, this is one of the most important contributions of Crumley's study. This book holds lessons beyond the Russian case.' - Gregory Hall, Professor and Director, International Studies Program, Morehouse College, USA
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