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Palgrave Macmillan

The European Commission's Energy and Climate Policy

A Climate for Expertise?

ISBN 9781137380258
Publication Date May 2014
Formats Hardcover Ebook (EPUB) Ebook (PDF) 
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Series Energy, Climate and the Environment

This book is the first analysis of the development of the emission trading scheme and the 2008 energy and climate package by the European Commission. The author offers a deep insight into the genesis of the Commission's proposal for the emission trading scheme, its revision and the new proposal for a renewable energy directive. He traces the development of the world's first comprehensive energy and climate legislation within the Commission services and the negotiations between commissioners and their cabinets. Focusing on the role of politics and science within the Commission this study tackles the following questions: what are the Commission strategies in using knowledge? Does the Commission actually learn or does it simply engage in power plays when confronted with knowledge? According to the author, the Commission is built on a paradox and functions as catalyst transforming knowledge into politics.

Jonas Dreger is a policy advisor on environmental policy. He gained his MA from the College of Europe, Belgium, and worked as a doctoral researcher at the BGSS at the Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany, and the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. His research covers climate and energy policy, lobbying and EU institutions.

List Of Abbreviations
List Of Tables
1. Introduction: The Tension Between Science And Politics
1.1. Introduction – The Commission Stretched Between Science And Politics
1.2. Experts And Knowledge – Definitions And Their Boundedness
1.3. Climate And Energy Policy: Turning Facts Into Policies
1.4. A Few Methodological Remarks
1.5. Theoretical Approach: Institutional Demand And Knowledge
2. The Commission's Strategies For Designing An Emissions Trading Regime In The EU
2.1. Introduction: Innovating Environmental Policy Through Markets
2.2. Technocratic Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Designing ETS I
2.3. Politicized Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Designing ETS I
2.4. Conclusion: Climate Policy Between Learning And Strategic Entrepreneurship
3. The Commission's Puzzling And Powering Over The Revision Of The ETS
3.1. Introduction: Correcting The Shortcomings Of The Past
3.2. Technocratic Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Revising ETS
3.3. Politicized Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Revising ETS
3.4. Conclusion: Using Knowledge To Make The ETS Market Work
4. The Commission's Approach To Devising The Renewables Directive
4.1. Introduction: A Foot In The Door Towards A European Energy Policy
4.2. Technocratic Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Developing The RES Directive
4.3. Politicized Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Developing The RES Directive
4.4. Conclusion: Politicizing Knowledge In The Pursuit Of European Energy Policy
5. Conclusion: The Commission As A Catalyst Between Knowledge And Politics
5.1. Introduction: An Open Black-Box
5.2. Re-Cap: Assumptions And Expectations Of Institutional Demands And Knowledge Utilization
5.3. The Commission's Nature Stretched Between Politicization And Technocracy
5.4. Technocratic Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Cross-Case Comparison
5.5. Politicized Knowledge Utilization Strategies In Cross-Case Comparison
5.6. Conclusion: Transforming Knowledge Into Politics
6. Index
7. Bibliography


"The EU energy and climate package of 2008 is a milestone in climate and energy policy that has firmly established Europe's leadership in this critical field. As we discuss our new policy framework beyond 2020, this book is a very timely contribution for practitioners and scholars alike. It captures well how the European Commission reconciled the necessary with the politically achievable when proposing the 2008 package." - J.M. Barroso, President of the European Commission
"A meticulous study of the world's first attempt to set up a large-scale carbon trading system to reduce CO2 emissions. It will be of interest not only to students of the politics of climate change and the governance of the EU, but to those initiating or contemplating parallel programmes in other parts of the world today"- Anthony Giddens, author of The Politics of Climate Change
"This book provides important new insights into internal Commission dynamics in the issue area of climate change. I warmly recommend it." - Jørgen Wettestad, Fridtjof Nansen Institute, Norway
"The volume is rich with inspiration for the IPE community—no doubt it will spur new directions in theorising on energy governance, as it explicitly aspires to do." - Europe-Asia Studies
"Readers from the energy industry – although they are not Dreger's target audience – can learn a lot from the book and better understand many details of the ETS and the renewables Directive ... this book is certainly a major contribution to political and organizational science and offers many insights in the dynamics of decision-making." - European Energy Journal
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