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The Handbook of Electoral System Choice
 
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The Handbook of Electoral System Choice
Edited by Josep M. Colomer
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
21 Sep 2004
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£120.00
|Hardback Print on Demand
  
9781403904546
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eBooks ebook on Palgrave Connect ebook available via library subscriptions ebook on ebooks.com 
 
 


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DescriptionReviewsContentsAuthors

The topic of electoral reform is an extremely timely one. The accelerated expansion of the number of new democracies in the world generates increasing demand for advice on the choice of electoral rules; at the same time, a new reformism in well established democracies seeks new formulae favouring both more representative institutions and more accountable rulers. The Handbook of Electoral System Choice addresses the theoretical and comparative issues of electoral reform in relation to democratization, political strategies in established democracies and the relative performance of different electoral systems. Case studies on virtually every major democracy or democratizing country in the world are included.


Description

The topic of electoral reform is an extremely timely one. The accelerated expansion of the number of new democracies in the world generates increasing demand for advice on the choice of electoral rules; at the same time, a new reformism in well established democracies seeks new formulae favouring both more representative institutions and more accountable rulers. The Handbook of Electoral System Choice addresses the theoretical and comparative issues of electoral reform in relation to democratization, political strategies in established democracies and the relative performance of different electoral systems. Case studies on virtually every major democracy or democratizing country in the world are included.


Reviews

'Electoral studies have long focused more on the effects than the causes of electoral rules. As Josep Colomer notes in his introduction to this volume,
however, the very strength of the effects leads to a natural line of theorizing about causes: Parties introduce new rules in anticipation of their effects on
those parties' future electoral fortunes. The individual essays in this volume
show that this simple notion plays out in many and sometimes subtle ways in
particular cases. Cumulatively, they provide the most extensive collection we
possess to date. Moreover, Colomer's synoptic overview shows that there is an important general trend visible in the historical record, toward greater
proportionality. Every serious student of electoral systems will want this
handbook on their shelf.' - Gary W. Cox, Professor of Political Science, University of California, San Diego


'This volume goes a long way in providing the necessary detailed historical evidence about the roots of electoral system change for a large and diverse set of democratic nations throughout recent history. Professor Colomer offers a new and highly original theory of electoral change which lays the groundwork for a radical revision of what has become the common wisdom about the effects of electoral laws. The chapters provide us a wealth of new information and new theoretical insights.' - From the Foreword by Bernard Grofman, Professor of Political Science and Mathematical Behavioral Science, University of California, Irvine


Contents

Foreword; B.Grofman
INTRODUCTION
The Strategy and History of Electoral System Choice; J.M.Colomer
THE AMERICAS
The Americas: General Overview; J.M.Colomer
Argentina: Compromising on a Qualified-Plurality System; G.L.Negretto
Brazil: Democratizing with Majority-Runoff; J.M.Nicolau
Costa Rica: Modifying Majoritarianism with 40 Percent Threshold; F.Lehoucq
Mexico: Designing Electoral Rules by a Dominant Party; A.Diaz-Cayeros & B.Magaloni
United States: The Past: Moving from Diversity to Unified Single Member Districts; E.Engstrom
United States: The Future: Reconsidering Single-Member Districts and the Electoral College; R.L.Engstrom
WESTERN EUROPE
Western Europe: General Overview; J.M.Colomer
France: Reform-mongering Between Majority-Runoff and Proportionality; G.Alexander
Germany: Partisan Engineering of Personalized Proportional Representation; M.Kreuzer
Italy: Lofty Ambitions and Unintended Consequences; D.Gambetta & S.Warner
Spain: From Civil War to Proportional Representation; J.M.Colomer
Sweden: Introducing Proportional Representation From Above; L.Lewin
Switzerland: Introducing Proportional Representation From Below; G.Lutz
United Kingdom: Reforming the Westminster Model; P.Dunleavy & H.Margetts
EASTERN EUROPE
Eastern Europe: General Overview; C.Flores Juberías
The Baltics: Independence with Divergent Electoral Systems; E.Mikkel & V.Pettai
Czech Republic: Entrenching Proportional Representation; P.Kopecký
Hungary: Compromising Mid-way on a Mixed System; J.W.Schiemann
Poland: Learning to Manipulate Electoral Rules; M.Kaminski
Russia: Compromising a Long Lasting Transitional Formula; O.Shvetsova
AFRICA
Africa: Dictatorial and Democratic Electoral Systems since 1946; M.Golder & L.Wantchekon
Africa: Electoral Systems in Emerging Democracies; S.Mozaffar
South Africa: Proportional Representation in the Puzzle to Stabilize Democracy; A.Reynolds
ASIA AND PACIFIC
Asia and Pacific: General Overview; A.Hicken
Australia: Replacing Plurality Rule with Majority-Preferential Voting; M.Sawer
India: Majoritarian Democracy from Above; S.K.Mitra
Indonesia: Transition and Change, but Electoral System Continuity; A.Ellis
Japan: Manipulating Multi-member Districts: From SNTV to a Mixed System; J.Wada
New Zealand: Reform by (Nearly) Immaculate Design; J.H.Nagel
Glossary and Index; J.M.Colomer


Authors

JOSEP M. COLOMER is Research Professor in Political Science at CSIC, Barcelona. He is the author of Political Institutions (2001), Strategic Transitions (2000), Game Theory and the Transition to Democracy: The Spanish Model (1995) and editor of Political Institutions in Europe (1996, second edition 2002).