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Hitler's Forgotten Ally
Ion Antonescu and his Regime, Romania 1940-1944
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
12 Apr 2006
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£84.00
|Hardback Print on Demand
  
9781403993410
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DescriptionReviewsContentsAuthors

Ion Antonescu was Romania's ruler from 6 September 1940 to 23 August 1944 and major ally of Hitler during the Second World War. Romania fielded the third-largest Axis army of the European war, joined the Tripartite Pact on 23 November 1940 as a sovereign state, participated in the attack on the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 as an equal partner of Germany and was never occupied by the Wehrmacht. A military contribution of such magnitude, coupled with the delivery of oil to the German war machine and the personal respect which Antonescu enjoyed from Hitler, places Romania on a par with Italy as a principal ally of Germany, and not in the category of a minor Axis satellite. Antonescu and Nazi Germany offers an understanding of Antonescu's precise role and the policies of his Romania based on the most complete biography of the leader available in English.


Description

Ion Antonescu was Romania's ruler from 6 September 1940 to 23 August 1944 and major ally of Hitler during the Second World War. Romania fielded the third-largest Axis army of the European war, joined the Tripartite Pact on 23 November 1940 as a sovereign state, participated in the attack on the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941 as an equal partner of Germany and was never occupied by the Wehrmacht. A military contribution of such magnitude, coupled with the delivery of oil to the German war machine and the personal respect which Antonescu enjoyed from Hitler, places Romania on a par with Italy as a principal ally of Germany, and not in the category of a minor Axis satellite. Antonescu and Nazi Germany offers an understanding of Antonescu's precise role and the policies of his Romania based on the most complete biography of the leader available in English.


Reviews



'Dennis Deletant is one of the leading authorities on the history of Romania since the 1930s. His well-deserved scholarly reputation for thoroughness, fairness, and honesty is amply demonstrated in this exhaustively-researched and well-written study which aims to describe in detail, and to render historical judgment on, the wartime Romanian government of Ion Antonescu. His book fills a significant historiographical gap while providing a balance sheet for this hotly-controverted era in the Romanian past...In short, this is a fine piece of work, meticulously researched, and reasonably argued.' - Paul E. Michelson, Reviews in History

'Hitler's Forgotten Ally provides a brilliant demonstration of how a very gifted historian can take advantage of the opening of the East European archives in advancing the knowledge of his field.' - Radu Ioanid, Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions


'The richness of this work cannot remotely be caught in a short review...Hitler's Forgotten Ally...should be read by anyone who studies, teaches or simply thinks about the History of the Second World War. Professor Deletant has written an impressive and powerful piece of scholarship.' - Jonathan Steinberg, The European Legacy
 
'...this book is a notable achievement, and makes a strong case for putting Antonescu's Romania back at the heart of Axis Europe.' - Paul Betts, SEER, The Slavonic and East European Review
 
'The prime merit of the book lies in its systematic investigation into the tumultuous evolution of the Antonescu regime and into his personal life. In addition, the combination of historical details with societal factors brings new facets to this analysis. Thus, examination of the Iron Guard leadership and of religious confessions in Romania helps to decipher the atmosphere of those times. In addition, Deletant's writing style makes the book a gripping read, revealing the intimate connections between the personal life of the dictator and the political evolution of his regime. These points, coupled with the fact that most probably Antonescu remained the only leader who could publicly contradict the Führer, offer an incisive image of 'Hitler's forgotten ally'.' - Lucian N. Leustean, European History Quarterly


Contents

Acknowledgements
Abbreviations of Primary Sources
Introduction
The Prelude to Antonescu's War
Antonescu's Path to Power
Antonescu and the National Legionary State
Military Dictatorship and War
Antonescu and the Jews
Antonescu and the Holocaust
Deportation
Transnistria: The Fate of the Jews and Romas
Suspension of Deportation, Repatriation and Emigration of Jews
The Coup of 23 August 1944
The Trial of Ion Antonescu
Conclusion
Annex
Notes
Bibliography
Index


Authors

DENNIS DELETANT is Professor of Romanian Studies at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College, London, UK, and at the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (on secondment). He is the author of several volumes of studies on the recent history of Romania. In 1995 he was made an officer of the Order of the British Empire for his contribution to the development of British-Romanian relations.