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NGOs in Contemporary Britain
 
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NGOs in Contemporary Britain
Non-state Actors in Society and Politics since 1945
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
22 Apr 2009
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£67.00
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9780230221093
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The history of post-war Britain can only be properly understood with reference to the phenomenon of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). They have been right at the heart of every major socio-political initiative. From environmentalism to consumerism; from international aid to human rights; on identity issues such as age, gender, race, religion, disability and sexuality; and on social policy issues such as homelessness, education, child protection and mental health. This book offers the first survey account of NGOs in Britain since 1945. It brings together younger and established scholars to showcase new research presented in the form of surveys of the following areas: environmentalism, international aid and development, human rights, the peace movement, gay rights, sexual politics, women's groups, the anti-apartheid movement, the poverty lobby, drugs, fair-trade, moral reform groups, the relationship between NGOs and the state, and the nature of democracy. It does so by offering accounts of key NGOs in postwar Britain including Amnesty International, the Abortion Law Reform Association, Greenpeace, the Women's Institute, the Child Poverty Action Group and even Mary Whitehouse's National Viewers' and Listeners' Association.


Description

The history of post-war Britain can only be properly understood with reference to the phenomenon of non-governmental organizations (NGOs). They have been right at the heart of every major socio-political initiative. From environmentalism to consumerism; from international aid to human rights; on identity issues such as age, gender, race, religion, disability and sexuality; and on social policy issues such as homelessness, education, child protection and mental health. This book offers the first survey account of NGOs in Britain since 1945. It brings together younger and established scholars to showcase new research presented in the form of surveys of the following areas: environmentalism, international aid and development, human rights, the peace movement, gay rights, sexual politics, women's groups, the anti-apartheid movement, the poverty lobby, drugs, fair-trade, moral reform groups, the relationship between NGOs and the state, and the nature of democracy. It does so by offering accounts of key NGOs in postwar Britain including Amnesty International, the Abortion Law Reform Association, Greenpeace, the Women's Institute, the Child Poverty Action Group and even Mary Whitehouse's National Viewers' and Listeners' Association.


Reviews

'The volume brings together fourteen excellent chapters by younger and more senior scholars, and this short review cannot do justice to the conceptual sophistication and empirical diversity of all its individual contributions. . . . This book is one of the very few edited collections in which the whole is more than its constituent parts. And it is an indication of the high quality and coherence of the volume's contributions that it provokes a series of questions that might lead to a more general debate about the key themes of contemporary British history.. In short, this book offers an extremely valuable compendium to a much neglected, yet extremely important part of contemporary British history and deserves a large readership.' Holger Nehring, Twentieth-Century British History

'This book seeks to rectify a relative neglect of socio-political action by historians. It does so through a series of appropriately selected and well executed case studies of particular organisations or movements. . . . This book raises as many questions as it answers, but that is a sign of strength rather than weakness and hopefully it will encourage further research in this area.' Wyn Grant, Contemporary British History

'This is the first book-length analysis of one of the key features of post-1945 Britain: the proliferation of NGOs. . . . As the cover illustration suggests, the idea that the British are apathetic about how the world is run is difficult to reconcile with the scale and diversity of this activity. Neither the current political claims about 'broken Britian', nor historical narratives about the welfare state largely ending the role of the voluntary sector should survive a reading of this book. . . . Overall, this is an innovative and informative collection, which lays the basis for much more work on the significance of these bodies for our understanding of democracy and its workings in modern Britain.' Jim Tomlinson, British Scholar

'NGOs in Contemporary Britain brings together a fascinating collection of case studies through which to contextualize changing understanding of what constitutes political activism. . . . As a collection [it] contains contributions that encompass the formal and informal, local and global, structured and voluntary, secular and religious, the everyday and the spectacular, reformist and more radicalized that together encompass the diversity of the term NGO, while managing not to lose all sense of the meaning of the term. It is a weight that the term appears largely able to bear.' Lucy Robinson, Economic History Review


Contents


Introduction; J.McKay& M.Hilton
Peace: Direct Action and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, 1958-62; J.Burkett
International Aid and Development: British Humanitarian, Aid and Development NGOs, 1949-Present; C.Saunders
Women: Housewives, Workers and Citizens: Voluntary Women's Organizations and the Campaign for Women's Rights in England and Wales during the Post-war Period; C.Beaumont
Sexual Politics: The Sphere of Sexual Politics: the Abortion Law Reform Association, 1930s to 1960s; S.Brooke
Gay Rights: Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual NGOs in Britain: Past, Present and Future; M.Waites
Human Rights: Human Rights Campaigns in Modern Britain; T.Buchanan
Anti-Apartheid: The Anti-Apartheid Movement: Pressure Group Politics, International Solidarity and Transnational Activism; R.Skinner
Poverty: Stopping the Poor Getting Poorer: the Establishment and Professionalisation of Poverty NGOs, 1945-95; T.Evans
Drugs: The Changing Role of NGOs in Britain: Voluntary Action and Illegal Drugs; A.Mold
Reactionaries: There was Something About Mary: The National Viewers' and Listeners' Association and Social Movement History; L.Black
Environmentalism: Environmental NGOs and the Environmental Movement in England; C.Rootes
Fair Trade: NGOs and Fair trade: the Social Movement behind the Label; M.Anderson
NGOs and the State: Transforming a Divided Civil Society? Governance, Conflict Transformation and NGOs in Northern Ireland, 1970-2006; A.Mitchell
Democracy: NGOs and Democratisation: Assessing Variation in the Internal Democratic Practices of NGOs; D.Halpin


Authors


NICHOLAS CROWSON is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Modern History at the University of Birmingham, UK.

MATTHEW HILTON is Professor of Social History at the University of Birmingham, UK.
 
JAMES MCKAY is Project Officer at the Database of Archives of UK Non-Governmental Organisations since 1945 (DANGO), at the University of Birmingham, UK.