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Calculating the Social
 
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Calculating the Social
Standards and the Reconfiguration of Governing
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
29 Sep 2010
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£64.00
|Hardback In Stock
  
9780230579316
||
 
 
eBooks ebook on Palgrave Connect  ebook available via library subscriptions ebook on ebooks.com 
 
 


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DescriptionReviewsContentsAuthors

Standards are an increasingly powerful mechanism for the governing of economic, political and social life. Yet there has been little sustained attention by social scientists to how standards and standardizing projects are articulated and rendered workable in practice. This innovative book is the first of its kind to examine the dynamics of standardization work, and the objects, subjects and forms of governing to which this gives rise. Drawing upon post-realist approaches of governmentality and actor network theory, contributors provide detailed case studies which highlight how standards configure, and are configured through, local practices; the complexity of standardizing processes which contribute to harmonization at the same time as creating distinction and difference; and, the new forms of identity, subjectivity and social organization that emerge through standardizing work.


Description

Standards are an increasingly powerful mechanism for the governing of economic, political and social life. Yet there has been little sustained attention by social scientists to how standards and standardizing projects are articulated and rendered workable in practice. This innovative book is the first of its kind to examine the dynamics of standardization work, and the objects, subjects and forms of governing to which this gives rise. Drawing upon post-realist approaches of governmentality and actor network theory, contributors provide detailed case studies which highlight how standards configure, and are configured through, local practices; the complexity of standardizing processes which contribute to harmonization at the same time as creating distinction and difference; and, the new forms of identity, subjectivity and social organization that emerge through standardizing work.


Reviews

'This excellent collection of essays gets beneath the surface of the 'world of standards' which we inhabit. At the point of their enactment and materialization in checklists, registers, accounting statements and questionnaires, standards are necessarily enmeshed in complex local webs of action and reaction. Each contribution shows how standards and the forms of calculation which they engender are always incomplete yet powerful projects of social and economic organization'. - Professor Michael Power, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK 


Contents

Standards and Standardization as a Social Science Problem; V.Higgins & W.Larner
PART I THE GLOBAL AND LOCAL POLITICS OF STANDARDIZING
Calculating Hybrids; P.Miller, L.Kurunmäki & T.O'Leary
Gendering Codes of Conduct: Chiquita Bananas and Nicaraguan Women Workers; M.Prieto-Carrón & W.Larner
The Practice of Third Party Certification: Enhancing Environmental Sustainability and Social Justice in the Global South?;  C.Bain & M.Hatanaka
PART II TECHNOLOGIES OF GOVERNING AND THE STANDARDIZING OF THE SOCIAL
E-government and the Production of Standardized Individuality; P.Henman & M.Dean
The Standardizing of Nursing Competencies; A.Dugdale & L.Grealish
Industry Analysts and the Labour of Comparison; N.Pollock
Sticking Plasters and the Standardizations of Everyday Life; M.Michael
PART III THE CONTESTATION AND ADAPTATION OF STANDARDIZING PRACTICES
Local Experiments with Global Certificates: How Russian Software Testers are Inventing Themselves as a Profession; M.Feakins
Adapting Standards: The Case of Environmental Management Systems in Australia; V.Higgins, J.Dibden & C.Cocklin
Standards, Orphan Drugs, and Pharmaceutical Markets; C.Novas
PART IV CONCLUSION
From Standardization to Standardizing Work; V.Higgins & W.Larner


Authors

VAUGHAN HIGGINS is Senior Lecturer in Sociology at Monash University, Australia. His previous publications include: Rural Governance: International Perspectives (with Lynda Cheshire and Geoffrey Lawrence) and Agricultural Governance: Globalization and the New Politics of Regulation (with Geoffrey Lawrence).

WENDY LARNER is Professor of Human Geography and Sociology at the University of Bristol, UK. Her research interests include political economy, governmentality, economic geography and social policy. She is co-editor of Global Governmentality (with William Walters) and author of a wide range of journal articles and book chapters.