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24 Mar 2011
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£69.00
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9780230249707
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Two-thirds of human beings live in developing countries, and half the world's population are victims of inequality, poverty and insecurity. Yet despite historically unprecedented advances in global technology, productivity and communications, the 'international policy community' still seems unable to address this injustice directly. The current global economic crisis shows that the market alone cannot maintain employment and incomes, while commitment to dignified welfare standards as a citizen entitlement can be questioned even in industrialised countries.
 
This book aims to contribute to the construction of a new policy framework to address these issues – building on the foundations established by a pioneer in this field of development studies, Frances Stewart. It focuses on themes such as technology, employment and growth, human development, income distribution and poverty as well as issues relating to conflict, ethnicity and inequality. The book also contains an intellectual biography of Frances that demonstrates not only her enormous creativity as a scholar but also her key role in international development policy debates.


Description

Two-thirds of human beings live in developing countries, and half the world's population are victims of inequality, poverty and insecurity. Yet despite historically unprecedented advances in global technology, productivity and communications, the 'international policy community' still seems unable to address this injustice directly. The current global economic crisis shows that the market alone cannot maintain employment and incomes, while commitment to dignified welfare standards as a citizen entitlement can be questioned even in industrialised countries.
 
This book aims to contribute to the construction of a new policy framework to address these issues – building on the foundations established by a pioneer in this field of development studies, Frances Stewart. It focuses on themes such as technology, employment and growth, human development, income distribution and poverty as well as issues relating to conflict, ethnicity and inequality. The book also contains an intellectual biography of Frances that demonstrates not only her enormous creativity as a scholar but also her key role in international development policy debates.


Contents

PART I: INTRODUCTION
Presenting the Book; V.FitzGerald, J.Heyer & R.Thorp
Social Wellbeing and Conflict: Themes from the Work of Frances Stewart; J.Toye
PART II: TECHNICAL CHANGE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Technology Change: Sources and Impediments; G.Ranis & M.Irons
Migration and Productivity Patterns in European Regions; G.B.Navaretti, G.De Simone, G.Orefice & A.Salvi
Revisiting Technology and Underdevelopment: Climate Change, Politics and the 'D' of Solar Energy Technology in Contemporary India; B.Harriss-White, S.Rohra & N.Singh
PART III: HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND POVERTY
Advancing Human Development: Values, Groups, Power and Conflict; S.Deneulin
Welfare Regimes and Economic Development: Bridging the Conceptual Gap; T.Mkandawire
Democracy, the New Left and Income Distribution: Latin America over the last Decade; G.A.Cornia & B.Martorano
PART IV: CONFLICT, ETHNICITY AND INEQUALITY
Understanding Horizontal Inequalities: the Role of Civil Society; G.K.Brown
Horizontal Inequalities and Militancy: The Case of Nigeria's Niger Delta; A.Langer & U.Ukiwo
Seeking Representativeness: Affirmative Action in Nigeria and South Africa Compared; A.R.Mustapha
Frances Stewart: A Selected Bibliography


Authors

VALPY FITZGERALD is Head of the Oxford Department of International Development and Professorial Fellow at St Antony's College, Oxford, UK. His research interests include the impact of external capital flows on macroeconomic behaviour – and through that on growth and income distribution – in emerging market economies; and the long-run economic development of Latin America.

JUDITH HEYER is Emeritus Fellow of Somerville College, Honorary Associate of the Oxford Department of International Development and Associate of the School of Interdisciplinary Area Studies at the University of Oxford, UK. Her most recent publication is The Comparative Political Economy of Development: Africa and Asia (with Barbara Harriss-White).

ROSEMARY THORP is Emeritus Fellow at St Antony's College, University of Oxford, UK, and Emeritus Reader of the University. She was Director of the Latin American Centre and Director of Queen Elizabeth House (now the Oxford Department of International Development) in 2003–4. Between 2001 and 2006 she was also Chair of Oxfam GB. Among her principal works are Peru 1890-1977: Growth and in an Open Economy (with Geoff Bertram) and Progress, Poverty and Exclusion: an Economic History of Twentieth Century Latin America.