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Welfare States in Transition
 
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Welfare States in Transition
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
 
26 Feb 1999
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£120.00
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9780333738450
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DescriptionContentsAuthors

Social policy in East and West finds itself today in the middle of a fundamental transition. The former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the successor states to the former Soviet Union are attempting to create the institutions needed for a modern market economy and a modern democratic welfare state. At the same time, the mature welfare states of Europe are struggling to solve the contemporary financial crisis of their systems of social entitlements. Because of fundamental economic and demographic trends, these systems will become increasingly difficult to sustain over the coming decades.

This volume represents the initial results of a trilateral research cooperation of the University of Pittsburgh (Centre for International Studies), the Charles University of Prague and the Free University Berlin. In addition to participants from the three partner institutions, other distinguished scholars from Europe and the United States were invited to the symposium held at the Free University Berlin from which the present volume results.

The contributors overwhelmingly agree that it would be mistaken policy for the eastern economies in transition to simply copy the institutions of western welfare states. Instead one can learn much from the experience gathered over the past half-century in western welfare states. This is especially true with respect to the long-run sustainability of important institutions of social policy. Learning from this experience, social policymakers in the West have an obligation not to repeat their own past mistakes. This interdisciplinary critical examination of the social policy transitions in East and West will provide valuable assistance.


Description

Social policy in East and West finds itself today in the middle of a fundamental transition. The former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe and the successor states to the former Soviet Union are attempting to create the institutions needed for a modern market economy and a modern democratic welfare state. At the same time, the mature welfare states of Europe are struggling to solve the contemporary financial crisis of their systems of social entitlements. Because of fundamental economic and demographic trends, these systems will become increasingly difficult to sustain over the coming decades.

This volume represents the initial results of a trilateral research cooperation of the University of Pittsburgh (Centre for International Studies), the Charles University of Prague and the Free University Berlin. In addition to participants from the three partner institutions, other distinguished scholars from Europe and the United States were invited to the symposium held at the Free University Berlin from which the present volume results.

The contributors overwhelmingly agree that it would be mistaken policy for the eastern economies in transition to simply copy the institutions of western welfare states. Instead one can learn much from the experience gathered over the past half-century in western welfare states. This is especially true with respect to the long-run sustainability of important institutions of social policy. Learning from this experience, social policymakers in the West have an obligation not to repeat their own past mistakes. This interdisciplinary critical examination of the social policy transitions in East and West will provide valuable assistance.


Contents

List of Maps and Figures
Biographical Notes
Preface
Introduction; I.Collier and H.Tomann
PART I: CONCEPTUAL ISSUES OF THE MARKET SOCIETY
The Market Economy and its Ethical Infrastructure; M.Bohata
Comment; E. Scarbrough
Functional Change in Property Rights in the Welfare State - Lessons from the Federal Republic of Germany; H.Roggemann
Comment; R.A. Brand
The State of Corporatism in a Central Europe in Transition; R.Heinisch
PART II: SOCIAL POLICY IN TRANSITION
The Role of Social Policy During the Transformation in Central Europe; O.Scholz and H.Tomann
Comment; E.Kirchner
Political Economy of Social Welfare Reform: the Parliamentary Election of 1996 in the Czech Republic; F.Turnovec
Comment; K.A.Konrad
The Enlargement of the European Union and the Harmonisation of Public Pension Systems; O. Schneider
Comment; C.Ross
PART III: DYNAMICS OF INCOME INEQUALITY
Social Cohesion and Transition Dynamics; J.Hölscher
Income Distribution in Transition Economies and its Dynamics; M.Tegze
Comment; H.Weisfeld
The Share and Position of Minimum Income Categories of Households in the Czech Republic; M.Vavrejnova
Comment; M.Beblo
Index


Authors

IRWIN COLLIER is Professor at the Economics Department at the Freie Universtät, Berlin. His main research topics are social and labour market economics, especially in the countries of Middle and Eastern Europe and in the Neue Länder.

HERWIG ROGGEMANN is Professor of Law and Director of the East-European Institute of the Free University of Berlin. His main field of research is privatisation in Central and Eastern Europe.

OLIVER SCHOLZ is Lecturer at the Freie Universität, Berlin. His main fields of interest are the theory of economic policy reform, political economy and social policy.

HORST TOMANN is Professor of Economics at the Freie Universität, Berlin. His main field of research is applied economics with particular focus on economics of integration and development. he is Director of the research project 'Conditions of Economic Development in Central and Eastern Europe'.