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01 Oct 2004
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£82.00
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9781403903501
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07 Feb 2006
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£30.00
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9781403903518
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DescriptionReviewsContentsAuthors

How does our knowledge of the language on one hand, and our knowledge of the world and of the context in which we converse, on the other hand, enable us to understand what we are told, to resolve ambiguities, to appreciate metaphor and irony, to recognise speech acts and to grasp both explicit and implicit content in verbal communication?
This book provides the first comprehensive introduction to an exciting new field, in which models of language and meaning are tested and compared using techniques from psycholinguistics. All chapters are written to be accessible even to readers who may be less familiar with pragmatic theory or experimental methods.

For students on advanced courses in linguistics, cognitive science, psychology and philosophy with an interest in meaning interactions in verbal communication.


Description

How does our knowledge of the language on one hand, and our knowledge of the world and of the context in which we converse, on the other hand, enable us to understand what we are told, to resolve ambiguities, to appreciate metaphor and irony, to recognise speech acts and to grasp both explicit and implicit content in verbal communication?
This book provides the first comprehensive introduction to an exciting new field, in which models of language and meaning are tested and compared using techniques from psycholinguistics. All chapters are written to be accessible even to readers who may be less familiar with pragmatic theory or experimental methods.

For students on advanced courses in linguistics, cognitive science, psychology and philosophy with an interest in meaning interactions in verbal communication.


Reviews

Reviews of the hardback edition:

'If you want to understand how your knowledge of the world shapes your use of language and your grasp of its deepest significance, read this book. Experimental pragmatics began in the 1960's; forty years on, this book marks its coming of age. Its leading practitioners show that pragmatics is far from a peripheral topic but integral to the fundamental mechanisms of language. The chapters are accessible, and the book will provide the basis for an excellent course in experimental pragmatics.' - Professor P. N. Johnson-Laird, Department of Psychology, Princeton University, USA

'Psycholinguists have been investigating the pragmatics of discourse since the early seventies; but it is only recently that linguists working in that area have felt the need to resort to psychological experiments to test their models. Experimental psychology and linguistic pragmatics interact also in the study of reasoning. A new field is emerging - experimental pragmatics - to which this book, the first of its kind, provides an exciting and most welcome introduction.' - Professor Francois Recanati, Institut Jean-Nicod, France


Contents

Introduction; I.Noveck & D.Sperber
PART I: PIONEERING APPROACHES
Changing Ideas about Reference; H.H.Clark & A.Bangerter
On the Automaticity of Pragmatic Processes: A Modular Proposal; S.Glucksberg
Psycholinguistic Experiments and Linguistic Pragmatics; R.W.Gibbs Jr.
Reasoning, Judgment and Pragmatics; G.Politzer
Exploring Quantifiers: Pragmatics Meets the Psychology of Comprehension; A.J.Sanford & L.Moxey
PART II: CURRENT ISSUES IN EXPERIMENTAL PRAGMATICS
Testing the Cognitive and Communicative Principles of Relevance; J-B.Van der Henst & D.Sperber
Contextual Strength: The Whens and Hows of Context Effects; O.Peleg, R.Giora & O.Fein
Electrophysiology and Pragmatic Language Comprehension; S.Coulson
Speech Acts in Children: The Example of Promises; J.Bernicot & V.Laval
Reasoning and Pragmatics: The Case of Even If; S.J.Handley & A.Feeney
PART III: THE CASE OF SCALAR IMPLICATURES
Implicature, Relevance, and Default Pragmatic Inference; A.L.Bezuidenhout & R.K.Morris
Semantic and Pragmatic Competence in Children's and Adults' Comprehension of 'or'; G.Chierchia, M.T.Guasti, A.Gualmini, L.Meroni, S.Crain & F.Foppolo
Pragmatic Inferences Related to Logical Terms; I.A.Noveck
Conversational Implicatures: Nonce or Generalized?; A.Reboul
Index


Authors

IRA A. NOVECK received his PhD in Cognitive Psychology from New York University, USA, in 1992. He has since held research or teaching positions in Paris, Minneapolis, Montreal and Grenoble. He is currently a full-time research scientist at the Institut des Sciences Cognitives in Lyon, France, where he heads a team focusing on the role of pragmatics in reasoning and comprehension

DAN SPERBER is a Social and Cognitive Scientist at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in Paris, France. He is the author of Rethinking Symbolism (1975), On Anthropological Knowledge (1985) and Explaining Culture (1996). He is also co-author with Deirdre Wilson of Relevance: Communication and Cognition (1986, 1995). He has held visiting positions at, among others, Cambridge University, the London School of Economics and Political Science, the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, Princeton University, and the University of Michigan.