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Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation
 
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Argument Encoding in Japanese Conversation
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
07 Feb 2005
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£82.00
|Hardback Print on Demand
  
9781403937056
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DescriptionContentsAuthors

Japanese is well known for its array of argument encoding types - but how is speakers' choice of encoding types to be described? With quantitative and qualitative analyses of a bank of conversation data this book takes a discourse analytic approach in investigating speakers' use of six major argument encoding types in conversational Japanese. Shimojo attempts to explain Japanese argument encoding as a unified system, elucidating the dynamics of the system in terms of a variety of functional needs.He argues that the highly elaborate encoding array denotes mental processing instructions for the hearer and thus meets the needs of spoken language, where the cognitive constraints in spoken communication welcome simplification of the hearer's tasks for comprehension.


Description

Japanese is well known for its array of argument encoding types - but how is speakers' choice of encoding types to be described? With quantitative and qualitative analyses of a bank of conversation data this book takes a discourse analytic approach in investigating speakers' use of six major argument encoding types in conversational Japanese. Shimojo attempts to explain Japanese argument encoding as a unified system, elucidating the dynamics of the system in terms of a variety of functional needs.He argues that the highly elaborate encoding array denotes mental processing instructions for the hearer and thus meets the needs of spoken language, where the cognitive constraints in spoken communication welcome simplification of the hearer's tasks for comprehension.


Contents

List of Tables
Acknowledgements
Notes on Transcriptions
List of Abbreviations
PART 1: INTRODUCTION
Four Argument Types and Six Encoding Types
Saliency, Activation and Attention
Episodic Memory and Mental Processing Instructions
PART 2: PREVIOUS STUDIES ON THE SIX ARGUMENT ENCODING TYPES
Wa and Ga: A Contrast in Pragmatic Focus
Zero Anaphor, Ga and Wa: Referential Progression
Contrastive Wa
Wa for Non Subjects
Grammatical Properties of Wa
Grammatical Properties of the Zero Particle
Syntactic and Semantic Factors in Zero Particle Use
Functional Properties of the Zero Particle
Functional Properties of O
Ga and O: The Split Case Marking
Post-predicative Encoding
Summary
PART 3: CONVERSATIONAL JAPANESE DATA
Introduction
Identification of Arguments
Overview of Tokens
Saliency and Argument Types
PART 4: ANAPHORIC SALIENCY
Referential Distance Measurement
Anaphoric Saliency and Argument Types
Anaphoric Saliency and Encoding Types
PART 5: CATAPHORIC SALIENCY
Referential Persistence Measurement
Cataphoric Saliency and Argument Types
Cataphoric Saliency and Encoding Types
Cataphoric Frequency of Reference and Persistence
Encoding Types in Persistence Chains
PART 6: THE SIX ARGUMENT ENCODING TYPES AS A SYSTEM
Saliency and Argument Types Summary
Zero Anaphor and Ga/O
Wa and the Zero Particle
Post-predicative Encoding
The Argument Encoding System
The Encoding Types as Mental Processing Instructions
PART 7: POST-PREDICATIVE ENCODING: COMPREHENSION-BASED CLAIMS REVISITED
Important/Urgent Information First
Scrambling: The Production-based View
Post-predicative Arguments in the Coversation Data
Relative Prominence of Structure
Conclusions
Appendix: Acceptability Judgment Task for Nominative/Accusative N2 Tokens
Notes
References


Authors

MITSUAKI SHIMOJO is Assistant Professor and Director of the Japanese Program, Department of Linguistics,The State University of New York, at Buffalo, USA.