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Devices and Designs
 
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Devices and Designs
Medical Technologies in Historical Perspectives
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
 
31 Oct 2006
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£79.00
|Hardback Print on Demand
  
9781403986443
||
 
 
eBooks ebook on Palgrave Connect ebook available via library subscriptions ebook on ebooks.com 
 
 


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DescriptionReviewsContentsAuthors

The costs of medicine have been soaring in recent years, partly as a consequence of the introduction of expensive new drugs and devices to patient care. In this volume, leading scholars in the history and sociology of medicine analyze how technical innovation has become so central to health care over the last two centuries and how we are coping with the consequences. From bone setting to hip replacement surgery, from urine analysis to modern, multi-centered cancer trials, from artificial eyes to cardiac pacemakers, Devices and Designs introduces readers to the material cultures of medicine, the settings in which new devices and designs were invented, and the responses of users, patients and policy makers to such innovations and to the risks they pose.


Description

The costs of medicine have been soaring in recent years, partly as a consequence of the introduction of expensive new drugs and devices to patient care. In this volume, leading scholars in the history and sociology of medicine analyze how technical innovation has become so central to health care over the last two centuries and how we are coping with the consequences. From bone setting to hip replacement surgery, from urine analysis to modern, multi-centered cancer trials, from artificial eyes to cardiac pacemakers, Devices and Designs introduces readers to the material cultures of medicine, the settings in which new devices and designs were invented, and the responses of users, patients and policy makers to such innovations and to the risks they pose.


Reviews


'An excellent introduction to current historical approaches and subjects in the continuing interaction of medicine and technology.' - Susan E. Lederer, The British Journal for the History of Science
 
'This is a rich collection with many satisfying and thought-provoking articles that should engage not just historians interested in technology but anyone concerned with modern medicine, its origins and implications.' - Jane Seymour, Wellcome History
 
 


Contents

Preface; T.P.Hughes
Introduction: Devices, Designs and the History of Technology in Medicine; C.Timmermann & J.Anderson
PART 1: TECHNICAL INNOVATION AND THE EMERGING ECONOMIES OF MODERN MEDICINE
Bones in Lancashire: Towards Long-term Contextual Analysis of Medical Technology; J.V.Pickstone
Mechanising Medicine: Medical Innovations and the Birmingham Voluntary Hospitals in the Nineteenth Century; J.Reinarz
Private Laboratories and Medical Expertise in Boston circa 1900; C.Crenner
Innovating Expertise: X-ray and Laboratory Workers in the Canadian Hospital, 1920-1950; P.L.Twohig
PART II: CONTEXT, CONTINGENCY AND THE LIFE STORIES OF TECHNOLOGIES
Artificial Eyes and the Artificialisation of the Human Face; N.Handley
'Biotronik': 40 Years of German Entrepreneurship in Medical Technology; P.Hidefjäll
Building Science-based Medicine at Stanford: Henry Kaplan and the Medical Linear Accelerator, 1948-1975; T.Ueyama & C.Lécruyer
Hexamethonium, Hypertension, and Pharmaceutical Innovation: The Transformation of an Experimental Drug in Post-war Britain; C.Timmermann
Greenhouses and Body Suits: The Challenge to Knowledge in Early Hip Replacement Surgery 1960-1982; J.Anderson
PART III: EXPECTATIONS, OUTCOMES AND ENDPOINTS
From Epidemic to Scandal: The Politicization of Antibiotic Resistance, 1957-69; R.Bud
Cancer Clinical Trials and the Transfer of Medical Knowledge: Metrology, Contestation and Local Practice; G.Kutcher
'The Best Bones in the Graveyard': Risky Technologies and Risks in Knowledge; S.Wyatt & F.Henswood
The Politics of Endpoints; S.Blume


Authors

CARSTEN TIMMERMANN is a Wellcome Research Fellow at the Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine at the University of Manchester, UK. He works on the history of biomedicine and has published on medicine in interwar Germany and the histories of hypertension and lung cancer.

JULIE ANDERSON is a Research Fellow at the Centre for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine and the Wellcome Unit at the University of Manchester, UK. Her areas of research include the history of disability and war. She is currently completing a book with John Pickstone on the history of hip replacement.