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African Urban Economies
 
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African Urban Economies
Viability, Vitality or Vitiation?
 
 
Palgrave Macmillan
 
 
 
 
 
16 Dec 2005
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£97.00
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9781403999474
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DescriptionReviewsContentsAuthors

Are Africa's most populous and economically dominant cities engines of growth or infestations of economic parasitism? This book highlights the 'apex' cities of East and Southern Africa, a region hitherto seen as relatively sparsely populated and rural in nature. As urbanization levels have risen, much has been written about the problems of urban governance and livelihood, yet the economic coherence of these large cities remains inapprehensible. How and why have their populations grown in the absence of an industrial base? With a racial legacy of slave trading, colonial divide and rule policies and apartheid, political insecurity and conflict have afflicted many. Still urbanization has proceeded and the apex city economies have endured, nowhere more remarkably than in Mogadishu, a city without a municipal and national government for over a decade. This book analyzes the East and Southern Africa's apex city economies, probing how they have altered structurally over time and their current sources of economic vitality and vulnerability.
Individual case study chapters are written by authors who have an in-depth, authoritative grasp of the fluctuating fortunes of the individual cities they write about. In so doing, they confront a number of key issues and questions: What are the short and long-term dynamics of infrastructural investment on an urban economy? Does tourism offer a viable basis for urban economic rejuvenation? What influence do housing policies have on the welfare and livelihood pursuits of urban residents? Are traditional land tenure systems compatible with the development of urban economies? Under what conditions do urban and rural branches of a family relinquish their economic interdependence? How well do civic groups serve the interests of the urban poor?


Description

Are Africa's most populous and economically dominant cities engines of growth or infestations of economic parasitism? This book highlights the 'apex' cities of East and Southern Africa, a region hitherto seen as relatively sparsely populated and rural in nature. As urbanization levels have risen, much has been written about the problems of urban governance and livelihood, yet the economic coherence of these large cities remains inapprehensible. How and why have their populations grown in the absence of an industrial base? With a racial legacy of slave trading, colonial divide and rule policies and apartheid, political insecurity and conflict have afflicted many. Still urbanization has proceeded and the apex city economies have endured, nowhere more remarkably than in Mogadishu, a city without a municipal and national government for over a decade. This book analyzes the East and Southern Africa's apex city economies, probing how they have altered structurally over time and their current sources of economic vitality and vulnerability.
Individual case study chapters are written by authors who have an in-depth, authoritative grasp of the fluctuating fortunes of the individual cities they write about. In so doing, they confront a number of key issues and questions: What are the short and long-term dynamics of infrastructural investment on an urban economy? Does tourism offer a viable basis for urban economic rejuvenation? What influence do housing policies have on the welfare and livelihood pursuits of urban residents? Are traditional land tenure systems compatible with the development of urban economies? Under what conditions do urban and rural branches of a family relinquish their economic interdependence? How well do civic groups serve the interests of the urban poor?


Reviews

'The volume offers a good introduction to urban, and especially urban dvelopment, themes in Africa'. - Bill Freund, Journal of Southern African Studies

'...the editors of this volume should be complimented for bringing together a number of concise case studies, which cover substantial geographical ground. As such, it offers an analysis of statistical and recent census data, which will certainly be of interest to readers with a general interest in Africa.' - J. Joost Beuving, Modern African Studies

'It is an important book for those concerend with urbanization on a global scale and especially in Africa, providing new insights into the fast-chaning reality of urbanization in Africa today.' - Adrian Atkinson, Development and Change

'This thorough and well-composed volume provides a comprehensive introduction to the key issues of urban development in contemporary eastern and southern Africa.' - Garth A. Myers African Affairs


Contents

PART 1: INTRODUCTION
Fragile Cities: Fundamentals of Urban Life in East and Southern Africa; D.F.Bryceson
African Urban Economies: Searching for Sources of Sustenance; D.F.Bryceson
Urban Growth and Urban Economies in Eastern and Southern Africa: Trends and Prospects; D.Potts
PART 2: CITY ECONOMIES IN THE MAKING
Image of the City in Mozambique: Civilization, Parasite, Engine of Growth or Place of Opportunity?; P.Jenkins
Mombasa's Missing Link: Marginalization or Mismanagement?; C.Rakodi
Dualism in Kampala: Squalid Slums in a Royal Realm; A.Nuwagaba
PART 3: URBAN LIVELIHOODS AND SOCIAL DYNAMICS
Urban Poverty in East Africa: Comparing the Trajectories of Nairobi and Kampala; P.Amis
Gikuyu Families in Nairobi at the End of the Millennium; Changing Economic and Social Patterns of Family Life; N.Nelson
Resilience of a City in Civil War: Territoriality, Civil Order and Economic Exchange in Mogadishu; R.Marchal
PART 4: URBAN WELFARE, HOUSING AND INFRASTRUCTURE
A Matter of Timing: Migration and Housing Access in Metropolitan Johannesburg; J.Beall
Esther's House: One Woman's 'Home Economics' in Chitungwiza, Zimbabwe; A.Schlyter
From Infrastructural Development to Privatization: Employment Creation and Poverty Reduction in Gaborone; O.Selowane
Welfare through Civic Participation: Tabata Development Fund, Dar es Salaam; S.Ngware
PART 5: CONCLUSION
Vulnerability and Viability of East and Southern Africa's Apex Cities; D.Bryceson


Authors

DEBORAH FAHY BRYCESON is a Research Associate at the African Studies Centre, Oxford University, UK and former Research Fellow at the Afrika-studiecentrum, Leiden. Having gained her bachelor and master degrees in economic geography from the University of Dar es Salaam and a DPhil in sociology from Oxford, she has spent over 25 years researching aspects of livelihood and settlement change in East Africa. Her current research is focused on the interaction of occupational and mobility patterns as well as the impact of HIV/AIDS on local communities. Her most recent books include: Disappearing Peasantries (co-edited with Chris Kay and Jos Mooij), Alcohol in Africa and The Transnational Family (co-edited with Ulla Vuorela).

DEBORAH POTTS is a human geographer specializing in Southern Africa and is Senior Lecturer in Geography at King's College London, UK, having previously taught and done research in the Geography Department of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Her research focuses on urbanization, urban livelihoods and migration in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly Southern Africa. She is a leading specialist on Zimbabwe. She has published on these themes in journals such as Third World Planning Review, Development and Change, Geographical Journal, Environment and Urbanization and Urban Studies. Recent publications include a co-edited volume entitled Eastern and Southern Africa: Development Challenges in a Volatile Region.