All executives need advice. However, providing advice is a dangerous game. Speaking truth to power demands diplomatic skills. This book looks at the way in which advice is provided to the summit of government in twelve advanced industrialized countries. It looks at the organization and staffing of advice for the heads of executives in eight European countries (Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and Sweden) as well as Australia, Canada, Japan and the USA. The book examines the increasing pressures for centralization as core executives confront the differentiation and
pluralization of government and the interplay of constitutional, political and institutional factors, and above all the governmental tradition in each system.