The philosophy of religion, one of the oldest areas of philosophy, has been advanced mainly through conceptual thinking. However, over the last few decades scientists have made discoveries with significant implications for this philosophical domain. Scientific Approaches to Philosophy of Religion opens new perspectives by applying scientific approaches to central problems in the field. The book's contributors tackle perennial problems in philosophy of religion by referring to relevant findings and theories in cognitive science, anthropology, developmental psychology, decision theory, biology, physics and cosmology. They address a wide range of topics, such as divine attributes; God, creation and evolution; God and the universe; religious beliefs; religious tolerance and disagreement; and the compatibility of science and religion.