Early modern England owed a deep debt to France. While this debt was obvious, England was anxious to assert itself amid the new and unstable fora of the Reformation, the Renaissance, the book trade, the growth of commerce and the development of the early modern nation. In order to do so, England pursued a series of courses: to learn French, to study Anglo-French history and to glorify England. Shakespeare and the French Borders of English emerges from an interdisciplinary conversation on the theory of translation and the role of foreign languages. By analyzing Shakespeare's treatment of France and French, Saenger interrogates the cognitive borders of the English nation, a set of borders that was more dependent upon languages and ideas as it was upon governments and shorelines.