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Advances in Foreign Policy Analysis

Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics

Methods and Applications of Operational Code Analysis

Editors: Schafer, M., Walker, S. (Eds.)

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  • ISBN 978-1-349-53324-4
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About this book

Focusing on how policy makers make decisions in foreign policy, this book examines how beliefs are causal mechanisms which steer decisions, shape leaders and perceptions of reality, and lead to cognitive and motivated biases that distort, block and recast incoming information from the environment.

About the authors

MARK SCHAFER is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Louisiana State University, USA.

STEPHEN G. WALKER is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at Arizona State University, USA.

Reviews

'Four decades ago Alex George performed a significant service by developing the 'operational code' construct as a means of better understanding the politically-relevant beliefs of foreign policy officials. Steve Walker and Mark Schafer led a second wave of important methodological and empirical studies that not only demonstrated the value of the operational code construct, but also developed such significant steps as a system of computer content analysis. In this essential volume, Walker, Schafer, and their colleagues make a compelling case that leaders' beliefs - specifically those encompassed in the operational code - are indeed an important component of world politics, and they demonstrate that in an impressive range of domains.'

- Ole Holsti, George V. Allen Professor Emeritus, Duke University'This collection of thoughtful essays proves that operational-code scholarship represents one of the most durable and successful research programs in political psychology - a program readily adaptable to the study of topics as varied as international terrorists and central bankers. The authors have performed valuable community service.'

- Philip Tetlock, Mitchell Professor of Organizational Behavior, University of

California, Berkeley

'Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics is the best current application of operational code analysis to issues of international relations. Schafer and Walker show political actors whose beliefs are expressed rhetorically, both reflecting the international world and producing effects in it. The studies in the book include national leaders from Britain, China, Russia, and the United States as well as non-governmental actors such as terrorists. There are snapshot comparisons of different leaders as well as studies of strategic interactions over time as they wrestle with problems of war and peace, international crises, economic sanctions, trade and high finance. This book is a major contribution to our understanding of the way that individual agents' thoughts, words, and behavior work together in the global political network.'

- Francis A. Beer, Professor Emeritus, University of Colorado"Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics provides an invaluable resource to scholars and students of leadership and elite decision making. Coming from a psychological perspective, Walker, Schafer, and colleagues have developed a rigorous, theoretically motivated, yet accessible method for analyzing 'leaders at a distance,' using the VICS system for content analysis of speeches or other textual material. In addition to several rich applications of VICS to historical cases, this research program includes an innovative marriage of psychology and game theory, which culminates in an agent-based model of sequential elite decision making. In short, this book will be of great interest to a wide range of scholars interested in how leaders make decisions."

- Charles S. Taber, Stony Brook University


Table of contents (12 chapters)

  • Belief Systems as Causal Mechanisms in World Politics: An Overview of Operational Code Analysis

    Walker, Stephen G. (et al.)

    Pages 3-22

  • Operational Code Analysis at a Distance: The Verbs in Context system of Content Analysis

    Schafer, Mark (et al.)

    Pages 25-51

  • A World of Beliefs: Modeling Interactions Among Agents with Different Operational Codes

    Marfleet, B. Gregory (et al.)

    Pages 53-73

  • The Eyes of Kesteven: How the Worldviews of Margaret Thatcher and Her Cabinet Influenced British Foreign Policy

    Crichlow, Scott

    Pages 77-99

  • George W. Bush and the Vulcans: Leader-Advisor relations and America’s Response to the 9/11 Attacks

    Robison, Sam

    Pages 101-124

Buy this book

eBook $79.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4039-8349-7
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $110.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-4039-7182-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $105.00
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-349-53324-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.

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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Beliefs and Leadership in World Politics
Book Subtitle
Methods and Applications of Operational Code Analysis
Editors
  • M. Schafer
  • S. Walker
Series Title
Advances in Foreign Policy Analysis
Copyright
2006
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan US
Copyright Holder
Mark Schafer and Stephen G. Walker
eBook ISBN
978-1-4039-8349-7
DOI
10.1057/9781403983497
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4039-7182-1
Softcover ISBN
978-1-349-53324-4
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 288
Number of Illustrations and Tables
1 b/w illustrations
Topics