Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe
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Intellectuals and Fascism in Interwar Romania

The Criterion Association

Authors: Bejan, Cristina A.

  • Traces the lives of the young intellectual elite who made up Romania’s Young Generation and examines how many of them came to support fascism leading up to the disintegration of the liberal democratic state 
  • Offers a new perspective on the cultural life of Bucharest during the interwar period through the lens of the Criterion Association
  • Draws upon the writings of the Young Generation during and about the interwar period, including journals, autobiographies, published articles, and fiction
  • Offers a fuller picture of Romanian fascism within the context of the rise of the far right in the early twentieth century
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eBook 41,64 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • The eBook version of this title will be available soon
  • Due: October 9, 2019
  • ISBN 978-3-030-20165-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format:
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
Hardcover 72,79 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • Due: October 9, 2019
  • ISBN 978-3-030-20164-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules
About this book

In 1930s Bucharest, some of the country’s most brilliant young intellectuals converged to form the Criterion Association. Bound by friendship and the dream of a new, modern Romania, their members included historian Mircea Eliade, critic Petru Comarnescu, Jewish playwright Mihail Sebastian and a host of other philosophers and artists. Together, they built a vibrant cultural scene that flourished for a few short years, before fascism and scandal splintered their ranks. Cristina A. Bejan asks how the far-right Iron Guard came to eclipse the appeal of liberalism for so many of Romania’s intellectual elite, drawing on diaries, memoirs and other writings to examine the collision of culture and extremism in the interwar years. The first English-language study of Criterion and the most thorough to date in any language, this book grapples with the complexities of Romanian intellectual life in the moments before collapse.

About the authors

Cristina A. Bejan is an Oxford DPhil and a Rhodes and Fulbright scholar. She has held fellowships at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Georgetown University and the Woodrow Wilson Center.

Reviews

“A gripping analysis not only of Romanian culture but also of Romanian politics. In a time when many interwar ideas seem to have rematerialized, this book could not be more necessary or timely.” (Marius Turda, author of Modernism and Eugenics and co-author of Historicizing Race)

“Bejan’s meticulous study joins a handful of books that recognize that the quest for a dynamic new modernity animated both modernism and fascism. Incorporating extensive research in secret police archives, this book casts important new light on the unique ideological texture of Romanian fascism.” (Roger Griffin, author of Modernism and Fascism and The Nature of Fascism)

“A fascinating narrative. Superbly researched, it offers a new perspective on Romania’s (and Eastern Europe’s) interwar major political and cultural tensions. Nothing was simple with the Criterion Association, which was engaged in an excruciating search for existential authenticity. This book wonderfully reveals these agonizing complexities.” (From the foreword by Vladimir Tismaneanu, author of The Devil in History)

“Why did writers such as Emil Cioran and Mircea Eliade succumb to the lure of the Iron Guard? And what of those figures, such as Eugène Ionesco, who resisted? These are some of the questions addressed in this unique, persuasively argued study.” (Dennis Deletant, author of Romania under Communism: Paradox and Degeneration)

Buy this book

eBook 41,64 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • The eBook version of this title will be available soon
  • Due: October 9, 2019
  • ISBN 978-3-030-20165-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format:
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
Hardcover 72,79 €
price for Spain (gross)
  • Due: October 9, 2019
  • ISBN 978-3-030-20164-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules

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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Intellectuals and Fascism in Interwar Romania
Book Subtitle
The Criterion Association
Authors
Series Title
Modernity, Memory and Identity in South-East Europe
Copyright
2019
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-20165-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-20165-4
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-20164-7
Series ISSN
2523-7985
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXXI, 339
Number of Illustrations
1 b/w illustrations, 7 illustrations in colour
Topics