Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology

Expeditions as Experiments

Practising Observation and Documentation

Editors: Klemun, Marianne, Spring, Ulrike (Eds.)

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  • Examines a variety of case studies and demonstrates how expeditions have uniquely contributed to scientific understanding where the laboratory could not 
  • Presents the traditional expedition as a variation of the laboratory environment for scientific discoveries
  • Explores the ways expeditions have contributed to modern scientific analysis
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About this book

This collection focuses on different expeditions and their role in the process of knowledge acquisition from the eighteenth century onwards. It investigates various forms of scientific practice conducted during, after and before expeditions, and it places this discussion into the scientific context of experiments. In treating expeditions as experiments in a heuristic sense, we also propose that the expedition is a variation on the laboratory in which different practices can be conducted and where the transformation of uncertain into certain knowledge is tested. The experimental positioning of the expedition brings together an ensemble of techniques, strategies, material agents and social actors, and illuminates the steps leading from observation to facts and documentation. The chapters show the variety of scientific interests that motivated expeditions with their focus on natural history, geology, ichthyology, botany, zoology, helminthology, speleology, physical anthropology, oceanography, meteorology and magnetism.  

 

About the authors

Marianne Klemun is Professor of Modern History and, from 2006 to 2012, Vice Dean of the Faculty of Historical and Cultural Studies at the University of Vienna, Austria. Her publications include (as Guest Editor) ‘Moved Natural Objects: Spaces in Between’ in HOST - Journal of History of Science and Technology, Vol. 5 (2012).

Ulrike Spring is Associate Professor of History at the Department of Social Sciences at Sogn og Fjordane University College, Norway, and Researcher in the project 'Making Sense of the Aurora' at the Department of History and Religious Studies at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway. 

Table of contents (11 chapters)

Table of contents (11 chapters)
  • Expeditions as Experiments: An Introduction

    Klemun, Marianne (et al.)

    Pages 1-25

  • An Idea Ahead of Its Time: Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Mobile Botanical Laboratory

    Cook, Alexandra

    Pages 27-49

  • Experiments and Evolving Frameworks of Scientific Exploration: Jean-André Peyssonnel’s Work on Coral

    Vandersmissen, Jan

    Pages 51-72

  • Japanese Ichthyological Objects and Knowledge Gained in Contact Zones by the Krusenstern Expedition

    Takigawa, Yuko

    Pages 73-96

  • Naturalists at Work: Expeditions, Collections and the Creation of “Epistemic Things”

    Schmutzer, Kurt

    Pages 97-119

Buy this book

eBook $64.99
price for USA (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-137-58106-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $119.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-137-58105-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $84.99
price for USA
  • ISBN 978-1-349-84534-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.

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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Expeditions as Experiments
Book Subtitle
Practising Observation and Documentation
Editors
  • Marianne Klemun
  • Ulrike Spring
Series Title
Palgrave Studies in the History of Science and Technology
Copyright
2016
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan UK
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-1-137-58106-8
DOI
10.1057/978-1-137-58106-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-137-58105-1
Softcover ISBN
978-1-349-84534-7
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 294
Number of Illustrations
1 b/w illustrations, 5 illustrations in colour
Topics