This flagship series was created and overseen by Professor Christopher N. Candlin, and continues his work by providing the essential cross-over between research in applied linguistics and its practical applications in the professions. Books in the series address the growing need for professionals concerned with language and communication issues to keep up to date with applied linguistic research relevant to their practice. Central to this agenda, the series offers students and practising professionals rapid and authoritative access to current scholarship and research on key topics in language education and professional communication more broadly, emphasising the integration and interdependence of research and practice in a useable way. The series provides books with a common structure, each book offering a clear, up-to-date and authoritative overview of key concepts, research issues and developments in the particular topic, identifying: research evidence for the main ideas and concepts competing issues and unsolved questions the range of practical applications available for professional and organisational practice that draw on such concepts and ideas a synopsis of important issues open for action and practice-based research by practitioners/students. These state-of-the-art overviews are supported by selected cases studies of the practical applications of research and 'how to' research guides and resources, all designed to extend and localise knowledge of the topic and its relevance for the reader. Throughout the books, readers are encouraged to take up issues of enquiry and research that relate to their own contexts of practice, guided by reflective and exploratory questions and examples that invite practical connections to their work. Written by leading scholars and practitioners, the books will be essential reading for MA or PhD student in Applied Linguistics, TESOL, Communication Studies and related fields and for professionals concerned with language and communication who are keen to extend their research experience.