Manuscript Style Guidelines

Below are some guidelines for in-text citations, notes, and references, which you may find useful as you prepare your manuscript for submission. Please refer in general to Author-Date References in Chapter 15 of the Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition and to the Latino Studies style sheet (available on request, email:

To preserve anonymity during the peer review process, we ask that authors omit contact information and any obvious references to their own publications. These can be added upon acceptance.

We prefer short sentences, short paragraphs, lively prose and creative use of language, and simple clear phraseology with direct tenses. In addition,

  • Manuscript should be double-spaced.
  • Margins should be one inch on top, bottom, left and right.
  • Font should be Times New Roman, 12 point.
  • Quotations should be within double quotation marks. When quoting within quotations, please use single quotes.
  • Long quotations of five or more lines should be indented and single-spaced without quotes. When quoting within a long quote, please use double quotes.
  • Numbers one to one hundred should be spelled out; numbers over one hundred higher should be in figures.
  • Dates should be in the form of 5 September 1990; 1994-1998; the 1990s; use "to" when dates are preceded by "from" or "between": from 1994 to 1998; between 1994 to 1998.

References in the Text

In the text, use the last name(s) of the author(s) (without first name initials, unless two authors in your reference list share the same name) and year of publication.


Since Padilla (1985) published his seminal book...
For in-text citations, insert the author name and date in parenthesis where appropriate.


(Allatson 2007)
Where possible, please include the specific page number(s).


(Mendoza 2006, 15); (Mendoza 2006, 15-23).
Unpublished data and personal communications should include last name or pseudonym of participant, year, form of communication (telephone conversation, interview).


More recently, various scholars have discussed both the importance and the pitfalls of interracial collaboration (Capetillo-Ponce 2009, 56; Betancur et al. 1999). Still others (Candelario 2008, interview) suggest...

Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be identified by adding a, b, c (e.g., 1984a, 1984b) to the year. For titles with two authors, use both names separated by "and" (not "&"); for titles with three or more authors, use the name of only the first author, followed by et al.

Internet Citations

Include author's last name and year in text (The Sentencing Project 2006); full citation should be placed in the references, including full URL and access date.


The Sentencing Project. 2006. "New Incarceration Figures: Growth in Population Continues," December. Accessed 4 January 2007.


When formatting, make sure to use endnotes for your manuscript submission rather than footnotes.
Latino Studies publishes endnotes as "side notes." The side notes are published on the outside margins of the page, alongside the article, rather than as footnotes at the bottom of the page or endnotes at the end of the article.

To prevent side notes from becoming running columns on the side of the article text, we ask that authors keep all notes brief and to an absolute minimum. Please place author-date references within the article as discussed above, and use notes only to elaborate briefly on a particular point or for any Internet citations, as noted above.

Reference Examples

References are placed in alphabetical order by authors' last names. Follow CMS for rules of headline-style capitalization. The following are examples of correct forms of references:


Hernández, R. 2002. The Mobility of Workers under Advanced Capitalism: Dominican Migration to the United States. New York: Columbia University Press.
Dalleo, R., and E. Machado Sáez. 2007. The Latino/a Canon and the Emergence of Post-Sixties Literature. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Edited collection:

Gutiérrez, D.G., ed. 2006. The Columbia History of Latinos in the United States since 1960. New York: Columbia University Press.
Garcia, L.E., S.M. Gutierrez, and F. Nuñez, eds. 2008. Teatro Chicana: A Collective Memoir and Selected Plays. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Chapter in book:

Coutin, S.B. 2005. "The Formation and Transformation of Central American Community Organizations in Los Angeles." In Latino Los Angeles: Transformations, Communities, and Activism, ed. Gilda Ochoa and Enrique Ochoa, 155-177. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Chapter in edited collection:

Rivera, R.Z. 2007. "Between Blackness and Latinidad in the Hip Hop Zone." In A Companion to Latino Studies, ed. Renato Rosaldo and Juan Flores, 351-362. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell.

Journal article:

Hernandez, D. 2008. "Pursuant to Deportation: Immigrant Detention and Latinos." Latino Studies 6(1–2):35–63.

Conference paper:

Rodríguez-Muñiz, M. 2008. Rearticulating Latinidad: Puerto Rican Solidarity in the Immigration Rights Movement. Paper presented at the Puerto Rican Studies Association Conference, Cartographies of Identities: Puerto Rico(ans) in the 21st Century. San Juan, Puerto Rico: October 1-4


Pérez, G.M. 2000. The Near Northwest Side Story: Gender, Migration, and Everyday Life in Chicago and San Sebastián, Puerto Rico. PhD dissertation, Evanston, IL: Northwestern University.

Government documents:

President's Commission on Migratory Labor. 1951. Migratory Labor in American Agriculture. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
United States, Congress, Senate. 1954. Agricultural Workers from Mexico, Congressional Record, Proceedings and Debates of the 83rd Congress, Second Session, Volume 100, Part 2. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.

Newspaper article:

Hill, G. 1951. "Million a Year Flee Mexico Only to Find Peonage Here." New York Times, 25 March: 1.
"Manifestación Independentista Borinqueña." 1935. La Prensa, 3 September.