Manuscript format and style guide

All articles submitted to The Geneva Papers are double-blind reviewed. Please ensure that no author names are given in the main article file and that author names have been taken out of the 'File' 'Properties' screen in MS Word.
Articles should be submitted in MS Word or other editable format, and should be no longer than 8,000 words.

Title page

As the online submission system captures author names and contact details, the title page should list ONLY the title of the article and suggestions for a short running title of no more than 40 characters (including spaces). Titles should be short, and abstracts should be informative for non-specialists.


Authors are asked to supply an abstract of no more than 150 words.
Please be sure that the abstract page does not contain any information identifying the author(s). Also, please take care to create a title and an abstract that are direct and 'reader-friendly'.


Include up to six keywords that describe your paper for indexing and for web searches in your manuscript.


The introduction should give a clear introduction to the subject followed by an indication of the most important published results relating to this matter. The conclusion should incorporate a non-technical summary of the findings, their significance, limitations and possible applications. More theoretical articles should be submitted to The Geneva Risk and Insurance Review. The references should be limited to the articles, books and other items that have a direct bearing on the topic being addressed.

All manuscripts should be double-spaced. Margins should be one inch (2.5cm) at the top, bottom and sides of the page. Font size should be 12 point or larger. The first lines of paragraphs, except the first paragraph of the manuscript, should be indented and separated by a double line space. Footnotes should be kept to a minimum. Substantive comments should be integrated within the text rather than placed in a note. Endnotes, references, appendices, tables and figures should be placed at the end of the manuscript.


The whole citation should follow the 16th Edition of the Chicago Manual of Style. This utilises citations enclosed within parentheses (author surname, year) if not a natural part of the surrounding sentence. The year should be enclosed within parentheses if the names do form a natural part of the surrounding sentence. A detailed guide to how to reference specific types of works is given below. Each example of a reference list entry is accompanied by an example of a corresponding parenthetical citation in the text. For more details and many more examples, please click the link for Chapter 15 of The Chicago Manual of Style.

The following are examples of proper form:


One author
Pollan, Michael. 2006. The Omnivore’s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin.
(Pollan 2006, 99–100)

Two or more authors:
Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. 2007. The War: An Intimate History, 1941–1945. New York: Knopf.
(Ward and Burns 2007, 52)

For four or more authors, list all of the authors in the reference list; in the text, list only the first author, followed by et al. (“and others”):
(Barnes et al. 2010)

Chapter or other part of a book

Kelly, John D. 2010. “Seeing Red: Mao Fetishism, Pax Americana, and the Moral Economy of War.” In Anthropology and Global Counterinsurgency, edited by John D. Kelly, Beatrice Jauregui, Sean T. Mitchell, and Jeremy Walton, 67–83. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
(Kelly 2010, 77)

Chapter of an edited volume originally published elsewhere (as in primary sources)

Cicero, Quintus Tullius. 1986. “Handbook on Canvassing for the Consulship.” In Rome: Late Republic and Principate, edited by Walter Emil Kaegi Jr. and Peter White. Vol. 2 of University of Chicago Readings in Western Civilization, edited by John Boyer and Julius Kirshner, 33–46. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Originally published in Evelyn S. Shuckburgh, trans., The Letters of Cicero, vol. 1 (London: George Bell & Sons, 1908).
(Cicero 1986, 35)

Book published electronically

If a book is available in more than one format, cite the version you consulted. For books consulted online, list a URL; include an access date only if one is required by your publisher or discipline. If no fixed page numbers are available, you can include a section title or a chapter or other number.

Austen, Jane. 2007. Pride and Prejudice. New York: Penguin Classics. Kindle edition.
Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The Founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
(Austen 2007)
(Kurland and Lerner, chap. 10, doc. 19)

Journal article

Article in a print journal
In the text, list the specific page numbers consulted, if any. In the reference list entry, list the page range for the whole article.

Alber, John, Daniel C. O’Connell, and Sabine Kowal. 2002. Personal perspective in TV interviews. Pragmatics 12: 257–271.

Article in an online journal

Include a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if the journal lists one. A DOI is a permanent ID that, when appended to in the address bar of an Internet browser, will lead to the source. If no DOI is available, list a URL. Include an access date only if one is required by your publisher or discipline.

Slifka, M.K., and J.L. Whitton. 2000. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Journal of Molecular Medicine 78:74–80.

Article in a newspaper or popular magazine

Newspaper and magazine articles may be cited in running text (“As Sheryl Stolberg and Robert Pear noted in a New York Times article on February 27, 2010, . . .”), and they are commonly omitted from a reference list. The following examples show the more formal versions of the citations. If you consulted the article online, include a URL; include an access date only if your publisher or discipline requires one. If no author is identified, begin the citation with the article title.

Mendelsohn, Daniel. 2010. “But Enough about Me.” New Yorker, January 25.
Stolberg, Sheryl Gay, and Robert Pear. 2010. “Wary Centrists Posing Challenge in Health Care Vote.” New York Times, February 27. Accessed February 28, 2010.
(Mendelsohn 2010, 68)
(Stolberg and Pear 2010)

Thesis or dissertation

Choi, Mihwa. 2008. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago.
(Choi 2008)

Paper presented at a meeting or conference

Epermanis, K. and Harrington, S. 2001. “ Financial Rating Changes and Market Discipline in US Property-Liability Insurance.” Paper presented at the 2001 Risk Theory Society Meeting, Montreal, November 21–24.
(Epermanis and Harrington 2001)


A citation to website content can often be limited to a mention in the text (“As of July 19, 2008, the McDonald’s Corporation listed on its website . . .”). If a more formal citation is desired, it may be styled as in the examples below. Because such content is subject to change, include an access date or, if available, a date that the site was last modified. In the absence of a date of publication, use the access date or last-modified date as the basis of the citation.

Google. 2009. “Google Privacy Policy.” Last modified March 11.
(Google 2009)

About the Author

A short biography of not more than 75 words is required from each author and should be included in the Author Information File with the submission