You will be required to submit a minimum two documents, an author information file and the main article file. You may also submit a separate cover letter, which should be clearly identified if you want to pass additional information to the editors.
Also, please take care to create a title and an abstract that are direct and ‘reader-friendly’.

Author Information File

This should include:

  • the title of the article
  • a short running title of no more than 45 characters (including spaces);
  • the author(s)’ names and affiliations;
  • a short biography of no more than 100 words for each author;
  • contact details (including email address) for the corresponding author.
  • word count for the entire submission: this should include, abstract, notes, references and any acknowledgements.

Please note that your submission will not be accepted without this file.

Article File

This should include:

  • the title of the article;
  • an unstructured abstract of no more than 200 words;
  • 3-6 keywords/ phrases that describe your paper for indexing and for web searches in your manuscript;
  • the full article text, including references (see formatting instructions below);
  • Figures/tables can be uploaded as a separate document or can be added to the main article file after the text and references.

Please make sure the article file does not contain any information identifying the author(s). Author names and affiliations should be removed from the manuscript (including the title page). Acknowledgments should similarly be removed. Please avoid repeated self-citations (whether in the first- or the third-person) at this point. If they are absolutely necessary, the easiest way to anonymize them is to replace explicit citations (e.g. "(Smith, 2000)") with the form "(Author)", and to remove the corresponding bibliographic entries. Please limit the use of first person passages reporting findings from your previously published findings, or consider rephrasing them in the third-person.


AJCS uses footnotes rather than endnotes but please try to keep these to a minimum. Indicate footnotes in the text with superscript numbers.

References in the text

The whole citation should follow the Harvard author-date style, enclosed within parentheses (author surname, year) if not a natural part of the surrounding sentence; the year should be enclosed within parentheses if the names do form a natural part of the surrounding sentence. Citations of works by two authors should have ‘and’ (not an ampersand) between the names. Citations of works by three or more authors should have the first author followed by et al in italics with no trailing stop.

For each bibliographic entry the author name should be listed (even when repeated). Please ensure you replicate the below in your manuscript references when referring to works written by the same author:
Foucault, M. 1965. Madness and Civilization. New York: Pantheon.
Foucault, M. 2008 [1973]. Psychiatric Power. London: Macmillan.

Publications by the same author(s) in the same year should be identified with a, b, c (e.g. 2008a, 2008b) closed up to the year.

Personal communications should be listed as such where they are cited in the text, and not listed in the references.


Since Paterson (1983) has shown that… This is in results attained later (Kramer, 1984). Results have been reported (Don Graham, 1989, personal communication).

Articles not yet published should show ‘forthcoming’ in place of the year (in both the reference and the citation). ‘In press’ should be used in place of the volume, issue and page range details.


Sharp Parker, A.M. (forthcoming) Cyberterrorism: An examination of the preparedness of the North Carolina local law enforcement. Security Journal, in press.

List of References

References are placed in alphabetical order of authors. Users of Endnote referencing software can download an Endnote style file here. Examples of correct forms of references for alphabetical style:


Slovic, P. (2000) The Perception of Risk. London: Earthscan Publications.

Edited volume

Nye Jr, J.S., Zelikow, P.D. and King D.C. (eds.) (1997) Why People Don’t Trust Government. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Chapter in book

Flora, P. and Alber, J. (1981) Modernization, democratization, and the development of the welfare state. In: P. Flora and A.J. Heidenheimer (eds.) The Development of Welfare States in Europe and America. New Brunswick and London: Transaction Books, pp. 17–34.

Article in journal

Thompson, K., Griffith, E. and Leaf, P. (1990) A historical review of the Madison model of community care. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 41(6): 21–35.

Article in newspaper

Webster, B. (2008) Record bonus for Network Rail chief, despite Christmas chaos. The Times, 6 June: p1.

Newspaper or magazine article (without a named author)

Economist (2005) The mountain man and the surgeon. 24 December, pp. 24–26.

Article online

Other online resource
Green Party. (2005) Greens call for attack on asylum ‘push factors’. Green Party report, 4 March,, accessed 9 March 2005.

Conference proceedings

Sapin, A. (ed.) (1985) Health and the Environment. Proceedings of the Conference on Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals; 30–31 March 1984, Chicago, IL. Chicago: American Toxological Association.

Conference paper

Harley, N.H. (1981) Radon risk models. In: A.R. Knight and B. Harrad, (eds.) Indoor Air and Human Health. Proceedings of the Seventh Life Sciences Symposium; 29–31 October, Knoxville, TN. Amsterdam: Elsevier, pp.69–78.

Papers/talks presented at a conference but not published

Martin, S. (2003) An exploration of factors which have an impact on the vocal performance and vocal effectiveness of newly qualified teachers and lecturers. Paper presented at the Pan European Voice Conference; 31 August, Graz, Austria.


Young, W.R. (1981) Effects of different tree species on soil properties in central New York. MSc thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Research papers/reports/working papers

Bloom., G. et al (2005) Poverty Reduction During Democratic Transition: The Malawi Social Action Fund 1996-2001. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. IDS Research Report no. 56.


Bond, S. A., Hwang, S., Lin, Z. and Vandell, K. (2005) Marketing Period Risk in a Portfolio Context: Theory and Empirical Estimates from the UK Commercial Real Estate Market. Cambridge, UK: Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge (mimeo).


Blair, A. (2003) Britain in the World. Speech to FCO Leadership Conference. London, 7 January.

Spelling and grammar

Please use US spellings consistently throughout the text, using Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. US spellings will prefer '-ize' to '-ise' as a verb ending.
Please use gender-neutral language throughout the entire text. Unless necessitated by the context, please avoid singular gendered pronouns (such as ‘he’ or ‘his’). One way to do so is by replacing them with plural nouns and pronouns (e.g., ‘their’, ‘they’) or with non-gendered nouns.