Abstract and keywords

All papers should be accompanied by a brief abstract of up to 200 words setting out the aims and scope of the paper and summarising the skills/knowledge the reader will take away from it.

All papers should be accompanied by 4-6 keywords which summarise the key themes of the paper.

Description of author(s)

All papers should be accompanied by a brief description of up to 200 words summarising your research background.

General guidelines

Papers must be supported by actual and hypothetical examples wherever possible and appropriate. Authors should not seek to use the Journal as a vehicle for marketing any specific product or service.

Papers should be written in the third person and authors should avoid the use of personal pronouns, slang and any other language which is not in keeping with the professional and academic style of the Journal.

All acronyms such as titles of organisations etc. should be written out first in full and thereafter in initials.

Authors must ensure that references to named people and/or organisations are accurate, not racist or sexist, and without libellous implications.

Reference Style

The journal uses the Chicago-based reference style is used in the humanities based on the specifications given in the Chicago Manual of Style. Please adhere to the following guidelines when preparing your manuscript:

  1. Do not abbreviate journal names; they are always written out.
  2. Do not abbreviate the given names of the authors if they were submitted in full.
  3. Follow the author regarding capitalization of titles of an article, chapter, or book but ensure it is consistent according to either the 16th edition (upper and lower case titles) or 15th edition (capitalize only the first word in the title of an article, chapter, or book and any proper nouns) of the Chicago Manual of Style. If creating a list from scratch, standardly follow the 15th edition.

Text Citations

As a rule, all the references given in the list of references should be cited in the body of a text (i.e., in the text proper, any appendix, any footnotes to either of these, figure legends, or tables). Of course, any reference may be cited more than once. Citation may take one of two forms:

  • By number, whether sequential by citation or according to the sequence in an alphabetized list
  • By name of cited author and year of publication Only one form of citation is permitted within a publication.

Reference citations within an abstract of a journal article must be treated differently since a reader may only have the abstract (and not the text or the list of references). Regardless of the style of citation otherwise used, in an abstract a reference citation should take the form, for example, "as reported by Smith (JAMA 352:24-28, 2004)."


Examples of reference entries according to Chicago style

Please note, examples are styled here according to The Chicago Manual of Style 15th edn. Retain capitalization of titles if provided by the author according to the 16th edition)





Journal article

Alber, John, Daniel C. O’Connell, and Sabine Kowal. 2002. Personal perspective in TV interviews. Pragmatics 12: 257–271.


Article by DOI (with page numbers)

Slifka, M.K., and J.L. Whitton. 2000. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Journal of Molecular Medicine 78:74–80. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001090000086.


Article by DOI (before issue publication and without page numbers)

Suleiman, Camelia, Daniel C. O’Connell, and Sabine Kowal. 2002. ‘If you and I, if we, in this later day, lose that sacred fire...’: Perspective in political interviews. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015592129296.


Article in electronic journal by DOI (no paginated version)

Slifka, M.K., and J.L. Whitton. 2000. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Online Journal of Molecular Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001090000086.


Newspaper article

Schultz, Sean. 2011. Lessons to be learned in systems change initiatives. Independent, December 28.



Cameron, Deborah. 1985. Feminism and linguistic theory. New York: St. Martin’s Press.


Book chapter

Cameron, Deborah. 1997. Theoretical debates in feminist linguistics: Questions of sex and gender. In Gender and discourse, ed. Ruth Wodak, 99-119. London: Sage Publications.


Book, also showing a translator

Adorno, Theodor W. 1973. Negative dialectics. Trans. E.B. Ashton. London: Routledge.


Modern editions of the classics and classic poems and plays. Year of edition is given not original publication

Shakespeare, William. 1982 . Hamlet. Arden edition. Edited by Harold Jenkins. London: Methuen


OnlineFirst chapter in a series (without a volume designation but with a

Saito, Yukio, and Hyuga, Hiroyuki. 2007. Rate equation approaches to amplification of enantiomeric excess and chiral symmetry breaking. Topics in Current Chemistry.


Book, also showing a translated edition [Either edition may be listed first.]

Adorno, T.W. 1966. Negative Dialektik. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp. English edition: Adorno, T.W. 1973. Negative dialectics (trans: Ashton, E.B.). London: Routledge.


Online document

Frisch, Mathias. 2007. Does a low-entropy constraint prevent us from influencing the past? PhilSci archive. http://philsci- archive.pitt.edu/archive/00003390. Accessed 26 June 2007.


Online database

German emigrants database. 1998. Historisches Museum Bremerhaven. http://www.deutsche-auswanderer- datenbank.de. Accessed 21 June 2007.


Supplementary material/private homepage

Doe, John. 2006. Title of supplementary material. http://www.privatehomepage.com. Accessed 22 Feb 2007.


FTP site

Doe, J. 1999. Trivial HTTP, RFC2169. ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in- notes/rfc2169.txt. Accessed 12 Nov 2006.


Organization site

ISSN International Centre. 2006. The ISSN register. http://www.issn.org. Accessed 20 Feb 2007.


Use either US or UK spellings consistently throughout. For UK spellings, take as a guide the new edition of the Concise Oxford English Dictionary and the Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors; Websters Collegiate for US spellings. UK spellings will therefore prefer '-ize' to '-ise', as a verb ending (e.g. realize, specialize, recognize, etc.).